A 7l Virginia Commonwealth University Spring 1986 ^\ 4 J?*!ta ■^ ATHLETES ON THE ACADEMIC SIDELINES "HE SOCIAL WORK CYPRUS CONFERENCE NEW WAVE EDUCATIONAL ACCESS A L N D R O V N ARTS Anderson Gallery The Anderson Gallery hours are Tuesday-Friday, 10 am-6 pm, and Saturday and Sunday, 1-5 pm. The gallery is closed during July and August, April 23-30: Master of Fine Arts Student shows: painting and printmaking, sculpture, and crafts. May 8-17: M.F.A, student shows: painting and printmaking and sculpture. May 20-27: M.F.A, student shows: communication arts and design and photography. For more in/orTTUition, cunUict the Antlerson Gallery, 907'h West Frank- lin Street. Richmond. VA 23284-OOOi; (804) 257-1522. ATHLETICS Spring Sun Belt Tournaments May 11-15; Golf, May 13-17: Baseball. Soccer August 30: Alumni game. 2 pm. September 6: University of the District of Columbia, 2 pm. September 10: at Newport News Apprentice School, 7 pm. September 13, 14: at University of Maryland, Baltimore County Tournament, TBA, September 18: at Old Dominion University, 7:30 pm. September 20: at Coppin State College, 2 pm, September 24: James Madison University, 2 pm. September 27: Virginia Tech, 2 pm. October 4: West Virginia Univer- sity, 2 pm. October 11 ; at Averett College, 2 pm, October 15: at Randolph- Macon College, 3 pm. October 18: St. Andrews Presby- terian, 1 pm. October 19: East Carolina University, 2 pm, October 22: at the University of Richmond, 3 pm, October 25: at Kutztown Univer- sity, 2 pm. October 28: Mary Washington College, 3 pm. November 6: at the Sun Belt Tournament, TBA, All home games are held at the Gary Street Field of the Can/ Street Recreational Complex, For more information, contact the Ath- letics Department. 819 West Franklin Street, Richmond. VA 23284-0001: (804) 257-1 RAM. COMMENCEMENT May 17: Richmond Coliseum, 10 am. For more information, contact University Enrollment Services/Records and Registra- tion, Box 2520, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1341. INTERNATIONAL STUDIES June 7-21; Ireland; $1,895, July 1-30: Perugia, Italy; S470, July 2-30: Salamanca, Spain; S630. July 7-August 1 : Klagenfurt, Austria; $770, For more m/ornkilion and a payment schedule, contact the /niernational Sti«i- les Office. Division of Continuing Stud- ies and Public Sernce, iOI West Frank- lin Street. Richmond. VA 23220: (804) 786-0342. MANAGEMENT CENTER Information Systems Education Program May 8, 9: Intermediate dBASE III; S395. May 12: Advanced Lotus 1-2-3; S195. May 13: Dos for PC Users; $195, May 27, 28: Understanding and Using Your PC; $395, June 18, 19: Introduction to Lotus 1-2-3; S395, Registration fee includes instructional nuitenals. lunch and break re/resli- ments, and parking. All seminars are conducted in the School of Business, For more in/(jriTiaiion ahout registration and lodging, contact the Management Cen- ter, School of Business, Box 4000, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-/279, MCV ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF VCU June 8-11: Pharmacy Division, Virginia Pharmaceutical Associ- ation, Virginia Beach, June 8-12: American Society of Biological Chemists, Washington, D,C, June 8-12: Allied Health Profes- sions Division, American Physical Therapy Association, Chicago. June 23-28: Allied Health Profes- sions Division, American Society for Medical Technologists, New Orleans. July (date, TBA): Allied Health Professions Division, American Hospital Association, Chicago, For more information, contiict the MCV Alumni Association of VCU. 1 105 East Clay Street, Richmond, VA 23298-0001,- (804) 786-0434. MUSIC Terrace Concert Series All concerts are held at the VCU Performing Arts Center, 922 Park Avenue, 8 pm. The Terrace Con- cert Series is sponsored by the Department of Music, School of the Arts, and the John F, Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The series is supported by the CSX Corporation, May 1 : Abbey Simon, pianist. May 3: The Ridge String Quartet. May 7: Leroy Jenkins, American composer. May 10: The Romero Guitar Quartet. For more information about these and other concerts, contact the Department of Music, 922 Park Acenue, Rich- mond. VA 23284-0001: (804) 257-6046. SUMMER STUDIES May-August: Registration for credit courses is already under- way; deadlines vary depending on the summer session of enroll- ment. For a summer studies bulle- tin and registration materials, contact the Office of Evening and Summer Studies, 901 West Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-0200. ETCETERA Golf Tournament May 12: First Annual VCU Invita- tional Golf Tournament, The Crossings Golf Course, Rich- mond. The cost per foursome is S500 (tax-deductible) and in- cludes a round of golf, lunch, re- freshments, and prizes. All pro- ceeds will go to the VCU Athletic Scholarship Fund. For more infor- mation, contact Ken Cutler, Ath- letics Department, 819 West Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1277, Physics Symposium October 28-November 1: Inter- national Symposium on the Phys- ics and Chemistry of Small Clus- ters; registration deadline, September 15, For more informa- tion, contact Dr P, Jena, Depart- ment of Physics, Box 2000, Rich- mond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1313, Social Work Licensing Institute October 12-16: The School of So- cial Wot1< hosts its annual Licens- ing Institute in San Antonio, Texas, For more information, contact the School of Social Work, Box 2027, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1030. Writers Workshop July 31-August 1: This noncredit two-day workshop is sponsored by the School of Education. The workshop director is Dr Ray Heitzmann, professor of education at Villanova University, Registration fee is S60, For more information, contact the Department of Continuing Education, School of Education, Box 2020, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1332, Cover photographs by Dennis McWaters. Art tiirectton b\ Scott Wright. M A G A Z 1 N E Volume 14, Number 3 f 1 Spring 1986 A publication for alumni and friends of Virginia Commonwealth University Elaine Jones, editor Anne Costimore, designer David IMathls, director of VCU Pubiicaiions Located in Virginia's capital city, Riclimond, Virginia Commonwealth University traces its founding date to 1838. Today, VCU is an ur- ban, public university enrolling nearly 20,000 students on the Academic and Medical Col- lege of Virginia Campuses. VCU Magazine is produced three times a year by VCU Publications. The opinions ex- pressed in VCU Magazine are those of the author and not necessarily those of VCU. Copyright © 1986 by Virginia Commonwealth University otrwB^ '<x 6 ■ < >' An Equal Opportunily/Aftirmative Action University Limited Edition 2 Discourse Program Chronicle 4 Civil war, disability, 6 and social work in Lebanon Two faculty of VCU's School of Social Work went to Cyprus last fall where they met with social wort<ers from Lebanon who want to upgrade medical rehabilitation programs for their disabled people. Higher education live 12 from VCU The Office of Media Instruction has brought the hi-tech boom to VCU, offering more peo- ple more access to education than ever be- fore and, in the process, bringing the world to the university's doorstep. Educational poverty 16 in college athletics Big bucks for college athletics programs have come at a high price: many student- athletes aren't graduating. Reform appears to be an idea whose time is long overdue. University in the News 24 Research Exchange 26 Newsmakers Alumni Update 28 29 VCU PUBLICATIONS Sa-86 As the administrator of a psychiatric and ad- dictive disease hospital, it was with great in- terest that I read "Substance abuse among health care professionals" in the summer 1985 issue of the VCU Magazine. In presenting clear and credible informa- tion concerning substance abuse to the au- dience generally served by your magazine, the article goes a long way in helping to break not only the personal denial exhibited by the individual suffering from addictive dis- ease but also the institutional and profes- sional denial that unwittingly supports the re- luctance to seek treatment. You are to be commended for providing this service. —Alan M. Gitlm MM. A. 1979 Columbia, MO I just received my fall '85 VCU Magazine, and it's exceilent I like the style, the layout, the content, etc. A perfect package to keep an alumnus up-to-date on VCU. You and your staff are doing a great job! — Bob Soter M.S.W. 1971 Allentown, PA Readers should send their Letters to the Editor to VCU Magazine, VCU Publications, Box 2036, Richmond, VA 23284-0001. Except for editing for university style and grammar, letters appear as written. Be sure to incli4de ynur name and address and, if applicable, degree arvi year of graduation. Anonymous letters will not be printed, but names will be withheld on request. LIMITED EDIT O N DISCOURSE PARENTS-EYE VIEW OF THE SENIOR ART SHOW By Bill Moulden t was a chilly, windy, rainy March night in April. The down- town street was almost deserted. The block we sought was made up of old store fronts, some boarded up, others grilled and barred. To meet the School of the Arts requirement for a senior art show, four sculpture students had rented a long narrow store on Broad Street that had last served as a jewelry store. As we drove by looking for a parking place, this location shone out like a bright cell in an otherwise dreary cell block. We arrived on time and were perhaps the first guests there. The walls and ceiling were freshly painted white, and lights had been rigged to show the various works of sculpture to their best advantage. We went right to our son's work and began taking pictures before wandering through to look at the other exhibits. He arrived shortly, accompa- nied by his wife, also an artist. Perhaps to contrast with the other students and artists, he had shaved his moustache and gotten a haircut. He was wearing his one suit and could have passed that night for a business major. There was a lot of tension about. After 20 minutes or so, I began to wonder if the show might not bomb since few guests had arrived. But soon a steady flow began, the place filled up, and we relaxed on that point. The crowd made taking pictures difficult, so 1 eased back against the wall to watch the people and sip my ration ot champagne in its plastic cup. I had to admire the variety of dress among the young people. There ap- parently was no one fad in vogue, or maybe the fad in vogue was to try to look as different from the others as one could. I noted some who were informal at the feet, with old sneakers and sweat socks; but their appearance got more formal as the eye rose. The jeans were cleaned and pressed, and sport coats and ties topped off the outfit. More often than not, the collar of the coat was turned up and the tie knot loosened. Some of the parents were traditionally dressed — suits and ties for the men and dresses for the women — while others were in denim and sneakers, like a lot of the kids. My wife had picked one of her more colorful frocks, and 1 could see her in intense conversation with a man I recognized as an art professor. I edged over to join them, but the din of the crowd made it impossible to follow their remarks. I wondered if they could hear each other, or if it made a difference. It was a ritual: she expressing support and enthusiasm for our son's work, he assur- ing her that it was indeed art. I found myself near two rather large young women. They had on fifties-style dresses, silky, flowery, and draped around their awkward looking bodies. One had on white gloves. A lot of the students came up to greet them, and there were hugs and kisses and effusive laughter in these encounters. They seemed to know nearly everyone there. My son told us later that one was a transvestite man and the other had had a sex change from male to female. My wife was a bit shocked over this, and I was amazed that it hadn't occurred to me even when I had noted a freshly shaved look about the lips of the transvestite. The professors were easily distin- guished from the parents. They were in tweeds and corduroys, with neat turtle- necks or shirts and ties. Most had beards but they were neatly trimmed, as were their heads, perhaps to assure a more comfortable jog. Most of them looked remarkably slim and trim in their middle age. I had been mistaken for a professor some years ago with my shaggy beard and hair and substantial gut. But I doubt if that would happen today. The male professors all seemed to be with younger women. Were they younger, 1 mused, or did they just look younger? Not being able to detect a transvestite, I was barely qualified to speculate on this. What about the art? There was really a wide variety, like the dress of the artists. In some the artistry seemed to be contained in the concept but not in the execution. There were boxes and rocks and roughly constructed wood shapes with grahtti-like drawings on them. Other works were clearly painstakingly constructed but more obscure in mean- ing. I liked those best. My son's major piece was minutely constructed of wood and heavily painted. "Isn't that beauti- ful" was my first comment after he arrived, at which he winced a bit. He said some considered his work "too pretty," a concept 1 had difficulty with. How can we not think of art and beauty in the same context? 1 guess an art history course could straighten me out on this prejudice. My son had also placed a traditional still life oil painting on the wall. He had done it on commission for someone and borrowed it back for the show. Was he trying to show us he could do traditional art, or was it just to comfort his tradi- tional mother? Perhaps he liked to show contrast with his other abstract or nonrepresentational works. Maybe he just liked it. But the works of art that most im- pressed me were the art students them- selves — these young artists. They all seemed to be aware of how great the odds were against them that they would be discovered and he able to make a living out of the fine art they had pur- sued in lieu of commercial art. Give the professors credit for letting them know what the real world of art held for them. But they had stayed with it much as the major league ballplayer hangs in for years with the dream of making it in the majors, I suppose. Is that it? Or is it just that they like doing art? I guess they talk about it among themselves. We parents talk about it with our children but interac- tion comes hard. When we try, they fall silent in the face of our cliched questions about the future. Yes, they may eventu- ally teach art to children. Or perhaps they will go to graduate school and hope to get a job teaching art in a college. That would be the major leagues for them. Recognition and fame as a pure artist would compare more with super- stardom. Many, I supposed, would find a career that was benefited by their crea- tive talent out there in our chaotic economy, though not directly involved in making art. Others would take any job to keep alive while doing art with little hope of fame or fortune — just doing it because they are happy doing it, because they must do it to fulfill their identity. More than other fields, art is con- crete. The works, however abstract they may be, are finite. They exist. An attist can view them and show them and look at progress when comparing the latest with earlier works. And, in my opinion, art students are more aware of how what they are doing relates to their world, their personalities, to other people, to the struggles of our society. Or, maybe 1 am just another proud parent. \i Bill Moulden uf Berkeley Springs. West Virginia, is a consultant in the field of corrections. His son, Douglas Moulden (B.F.A. sculpture, 1982), and Doug's wife Beverly Smith Fenner Moulden (B.F.A. sculpture, 1981) are living and working and doing art in Frederick, Maryland. Illustration by Scott Wright. R O R A M H R O N I C VCU'S PROFESSIONAL MATCHMAKERS bout to finish his freshman year, David is still undecided about a major. He would like to run his own business someday, but he doesn't know anyone he could ask for the kind of practical advice that would help him plan his education. Shelley, a prepharmacy student, is considering several career options. She could practice pharmacy in a hospital, study for a position with a pharmaceuti- cal company, or become a local pharma- cist — but she isn't sure which she would like to do. Mark is convinced he will not find a job in public relations through the newspaper want ads when he finds himself job-hunting after spring gradua- tion. He wishes he could talk to a professional in the field about how to make contacts and tap the hidden job market. VCU's Career Planning & Placement has a solution to these dilemmas. It's called RamSCAN, the Student Career Advisory Network. Started over a year ago with a Virginia Vocational Guidance Projects grant through the State Depart- ment of Education, and now supported solely by career planning and place- ment, RamSCAN operates on the matchmaking principle: VCU alumni have professional and practical expertise to offer, VCU students want the advice, and RamSCAN sees that the two get together. "It's one of those win-win proposi- tions," says Jean Yerian, director of career planning and placement. Many alumni want to know that their degrees and career experiences could do others some good, and helping students get in touch with the real working world is an ideal way to fulfill that altruism. Many students, of course, are thinking beyond graduation, anxious about finding a good job and doing the right thing for their career goals while still in college. To build the RamSCAN alumni volunteer file, the stafl^sent question- naires a year ago to alumni in the Rich- mond area, asking if they would be interested in participating in the pro- gram. Seven hundred alumni responded, willing to talk to students individually, address small groups and classes on campus, and provide job search advice. "Alumni decide the extent they want to he involved," says Yerian. "Most alumni prefer only to meet with students one- on-one, but several also have expressed an interest in talking to groups." Today, the office has on file over 800 VCU alumni volunteers who represent a fair cross-section of professional back- grounds; there are elementary school- teachers, accountants, a forester, physi- cians, a police captain, attorneys, pharmacists, a director of a theater company, an engineer, dentists, a psy- chiatric nurse, rehabilitation counselors, commercial artists and photographers, probation officers, an executive director of the Boy Scouts of America, Inc., ad agency executives, and an array of entrepreneurs and self-employed alumni. VCU degrees run the gamut from associ- ate's to M.D. to Ph.D., and with educa- tional backgrounds ranging from politi- cal science to occupational therapy. There's a history graduate working as a manager in a bank and a business man- agement graduate coaching athletics and teaching in high school. One alumnus, a self-employed nurse working as a freelance editor of trade journals, de- scribes the expertise she offers as "alter- natives to traditional careers in nursing." "We're a little short on counseling psychologists," says Yerian about the scope of professionals who have volun- teered for RamSCAN. "But, overall, we're pleased with the careers repre- sented by the group." Yerian says RamSCAN not only benefits students but also rounds out career planning and placement programs and services. The staff do not always have backgrounds in these fields and welcome help in advising students on specific careers. "If you want to know about job trends in health care or the ins and outs of corporate law, you really need to talk to the people in the field," she says. The office has focused on the methodology of finding a job and attain- ing career satisfaction, with services ranging from how to write a resume to making a midlife career change. Now, with RamSCAN, the staff also can provide students a way to get current, specific advice on their professional interests. Says Yerian, "The kind of advice alumni give can be just informational — what a certain career involves and what the best courses would be to take in college — or it can be more personal — for example, what life is like as a radiolo- gist." In some cases, students want to make sure their resumes will impress potential employers; RamSCAN alumni can cast themselves in the role of em- ployer, look over the resume, and pro- vide feedback. Other students simply want a little reassurance about their choice of a major and career goal; in these cases, alumni can give students a pep talk. Or, just the opposite: "Some students talk to alumni who give them tough answers. Students may come away not so sure anymore about their choices and goals," says Yerian. "That can happen and, sometimes, needs to happen." This outcome does not necessarily mean the student should give up his or her career aspirations. "Usually," says Yerian, "it just means the student needs to give it a little more thought, or perhaps delay a career plan for the time being, in favor of a more realistic job path after graduation. "Students shouldn't get discouraged when their plans appear to he wrong choices," she continues. "They're not always wrong. It's just that the students have had a taste of reality, which is, of course, the major benefit of RamSCAN." The staff maintain tight control over students' interaction with alumni. Says Yerian, "We don't hand out alumni phone numbers or addresses to students and then hope everything works out. We prepare students before they begin making contacts." While the alumni have volunteered to be there for stu- dents, it is never up to an alumnus to guide the interview — the student must make it a success. To help students, the office has pre- pared a series of protocols for establish- ing contact, conducting the interview, and following up. Sample interview questions, which students can follow to guide their interviews with alumni, are included in the protocols. Students also are advised to allow about 45 minutes for an interview and stick to the time limit. "Interviewing an alumnus is a lot like interviewing for a job," points out Yerian. "There are certain basics every student should know before he or she goes job-hunting." In addition to questions about the job description, necessary experience and education, and future prospects in the field, students are advised to be sure they ask about the lifestyle. Students may not ask alumni what their salaries are, but, says Yerian, they should ask what the entry-level and average salaries are in the field. In some cases, students should ask what obligations the work can place on an employee outside the ordinary work week or whether the alumnus must travel or expect to be transferred. Ques- tions about benefits and vacation time also are appropriate. "The follow-up entails sending a letter of thanks to the alumnus," says Yerian. "It's the briefest phase of the process, but it's probably the most important." Yerian says feedback from both stu- dents and alumni, which they provide on an evaluation card they receive after the interview, has been impressive. "The alumni have been particularly pleased with the quality ot the VCU students they're seeing," says Yerian. One physi- cian's note about his student read, "very professional and thoughtful young woman — even sent a thank-you note!" "The professional conduct of the students makes the alumni feel good about the school and the degrees they received here," says Yerian. Many alumni, in fact, have responded with the wish that RamSCAN had been available to them when they were students. But the most frequent sentiment was ex- pressed by an alumnus who noted about his student, "1 hope that Steve came away from this with a better feel for what engineers do. 1 enjoyed participat- ing and hope it helps." Some alumni, however, have indi- cated, "My student never showed up for the appointment." The biggest problem with the program has been the logistics. "Sometimes a student doesn't have transportation and misses the interview, or an alumnus has moved and our infor- mation is out of date," says Yerian. "That can he frustrating for both the student and the alumnus." Rarely will a student simply forget about an appoint- ment, though that too has happened. "Of course, that's very unprofessional, and the student is hurt by it," says Yerian. "If some students aren't really serious, that can't be helped. We try to screen them for this, but most of the students are serious." Even alumni whose students miss an interview or land a job the day before an appointment ("It happens occasionally," says Yerian), still want to remain on iile. "They'll get together eventually," she says. "The volunteers are really dedi- cated to helping the students." Yerian says the staff monitor Ram- SCAN alumni volunteers as closely as they prepare students for interviews. In one case, a student interviewed with an alumnus who turned out to be rather opinionated about the people working in his field. "It was a mixed blessing for the student," says Yerian. "She came away with good information about the profes- sion but from someone who obviously was a bit jaded." The staff tagged his file to alert future users, but they did not remove his name from the list because the student assured the staff that his information was valuable to her. "At least she didn't come away too dis- couraged. In fact, his attitude probably helped her to accept some of the nega- tive aspects of her career goal." Yes — alumni can interview with RamSCAN alumni, too. "Their advice is especially helpful to alumni who are considering a career change," says Yer- ian. "The career-changer can ask the RamSCAN participant for information on re-education or additional prepara- tion for the field." Career planning and placement staff recently had occasion to take advantage of RamSCAN for their own benefit. The staff decided they needed to do a better job of marketing their programs and services but didn't know how to go about it. They searched the RamSCAN volun- teer file and found an alumnus working as a product development manager who met with them and gave them advice on how to get started. So, whether you're a student planning your course schedule or an alumnus thinking about a new career, maybe your next step should be a phone call to Career Planning &. Placement. "Ram- SCAN is still a fairly young program, and we have some bugs to work out," says Yerian, "but everything so far tells us that it's turning into a valuable university service." And, if you want to volunteer? Says Yerian; "We'd love to hear from you." S -E.J. For mure information, contact Career PLinnmg & Placement, Box 2007, Rich- mond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1645. V \ '—m r2 *^PL,€C^ ■ is. .n % ,0 ' >'* li jt0ftK^^^^f, CML W\R, DISABILITY AND SOCIAL WORK IN LEBANON By Elaine Jones ne of today's geographic hot spots is Lebanon, located in a hotter spot, the Middle East, which has come to mean intractable war in the minds of many observers. Gone are the days in the 1970s when oil embargos threatened our pocketbooks and upset our sensibilities with gasoline lines wrapped around the block. In their place is terrorism, endan- gering the lives of passengers on cruise ships and patrons in airports. The Berlin of the 1980s is Beirut, Lebanon — once the jewel of the Middle East, a major international banking center, and one of the world's most popular resorts — now its East and West divided by the so- called Green Line along which militias exchange sniper fire. Last October, Dr. Dennis Poole, assistant professor, and Dr. Thomas Carlton, professor, of VCU's School of Social Work, along with Joyce Salhoot of the Baylor College of Medicine, traveled to the island of Cyprus, only 20 minutes away from Lebanon by air. They met with Lebanese professionals about the status of medical rehabilitation programs and social work services in Lebanon. They couldn't meet in Leba- non because of hostilities there; the Mediterranean Sea had just served as the site for the hijacking of Aquille Lauro, on which one American was brutally mur- dered. To hear Poole and Carlton de- scribe their experiences, however, for them the conference might have taken place in downtown Richmond. "We never felt personally threatened, being so close to everything," said Poole. "Our hosts, the Cypriots, were more concerned for our safety than we actu- ally felt for ourselves." The Cypriots were so concerned, in fact, that they provided undercover private security for Poole and Carlton — "It wasn't until two days into the conference that we finally figured out who those men were who were tailing us," said Carlton. The 19 Lebanese participants were affiliated with the three major religions and their numerous sects found in Lebanon. The group included the Greek Orthodox and Maronite Christians, as well as Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims, and a third Islamic sect, the Druze. Poole and Carlton never expected war to break out across the conference table, but the generous spirit and professional conduct of the Lebanese seemed to mock the tensions in Beirut paraded across Ameri- can television screens. Simply, everyone settled down for five days of serious discussion about a universal aspect of the human condition: disability. The World Rehabilitation Fund, Inc., which sponsored the Cyprus conference, helps developing countries improve services to their disabled citizens and training for professionals. Founded in 1955, the WRF has assisted some 150 countries in programs for rehabilitation of disabled people and sponsored over 20 international conferences and seminars. Some of the WRF's support has come in the form of over $26 million in grants and gifts. Disability is no small matter. The World Health Organization estimates that about 10 percent of the world's people suffer from some form of a physi- cal or mental disability. The WHO predicts that by the year 2000 the num- ber of disabled people will be at 580 million, up from an estimated 387 million in 1975. Some experts put the prevalence of disability at over 12 per- cent, with the expectation that 846 million people will be disabled in the twenty-first century. Seventy-five per- cent of the world's disabled people live in developing countries. One of the most prevalent global causes of disability is malnutrition. Disabilities, reported Poole to the Lebanese group, encompass an array of problems. A disabling condition can be musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, mental, digestive, or respiratory. Some people are disabled by arthritis or rheumatism, others by car accidents or birth defects. Heart trouble and stroke complications disable people all over the world, as do substance abuse problems, such as cirrhosis of the liver due to alcoholism or emphysema brought on by cigarette smoking. Depression prevents millions of people from living productive lives. Ulcers, chronic bronchitis, cancer, asthma — and the list goes on. Disability in developing countries is caused primarily by uncontrolled infec- tious disease, said Poole, which can result from a variety of social and envi- ronmental conditions. By contrast, in developed countries, like the U.S., most disabilities result from road accidents, chronic mental illness, developmental conditions (such as mental retardation and cerebral palsy), and problems that come with aging. The WHO groups the medical causes of disability into the categories of congenital disorders, com- municable disease, noncommunicable disease, functional psychiatric distur- bance, chronic alcoholism and drug abuse, trauma, and, of course, malnutri- tion. These categories cover just about every affliction known to humanity, any one of which can disable a person for life. The scope of this definition of disabil- ity reflects a radical change in attitude that has occurred over the last 60 years. In the 1920s, said Poole, the traditional view encompassed only impairment medically diagnosed as a physical defect that reduces an individual's ability to cope with the demands of everyday life. what handicapped people experience everyday as reality: social reactions, both overt and subtle, create handicaps, not the impairment per se," noted Poole in his introduction to the Lebanese partici- pants. What's normal, in other words, depends on society's — not the dis- abled's — definition. Handicaps, con- cluded the WHO experts who studied the issue, are culturally and socially relative. In 1958 the WHO found this classifica- tion to be too narrow; but it wasn't until 1969 that mental impairments were officially included in the definition of disability. In 1980 the experts again levied criticism at the definition. They broad- ened it to permit treatment of all aspects of a disabled person's life — the personal and social as well as the medical and vocational. Until then, pointed out Poole, disabilities had still been viewed strictly as attributes of the impaired people with no thought to "society's complicity." The experts finally recognized "just One of the more mundane results of the new attitude can be found on the street corner. Old street curbs prevented wheelchair-bound citizens from easy access onto and off of sidewalks, serving as a daily reminder to them that they didn't fit in. Reconstructing street curbs to accommodate wheelchairs became a sort of awareness-at-large that a person in a wheelchair is, indeed, normal. Enter the holistic view of programs for the disabled. Poole addressed the Leba- nese on the biopsychosocial perspective, as the holistic view is called, that has been gaining acceptance among U.S. social workers in the last five years. "Any effort to rehabilitate the disabled must not only enable the impaired person to function at an adequate and personally satisfying level but also enable the family and the community to accom- modate the physical, psychological, and social needs of its disabled members," said Poole. What the new attitude achieves is movement away from institu- tionalization and toward the integration of the disabled into the mainstream of community life. Poole said that overall the Lebanese are about ten years behind the U.S. in training and services. Today, the U.S. has moved toward mainstreaming in public schools and independent living arrangements for the disabled. Lebanon, said Poole, still wants to know how best to spend scarce resources on better institutions rather than redistributing some of these resources for community- based services. While in some respects Poole and Carlton had to raise the level of their presentations to meet the exist- ing expertise and attitudes of the group, in others they found themselves intro- ducing radical ideas. Competitive employment for the disabled was one of them. Casting the disabled in the world of gainful employ- ment surprised many of the participants who believe the disabled are best served by institutions. For that matter, the Supported Work Services Model, which describes how the disabled can enter the mainstream of competitive employment, is still a fairly new idea in the U.S. Poole explained to the group that the social worker, in the context ot the model, takes into account the whole person: the disability in light of his or her talents and the needs of the poten- tial job site. Operating within the model often requires the social worker to go to the job site, learn the job, then train the disabled person. Throughout the proc- ess, the disabled person receives career counseling, such as how to conduct an interview, and personal counseling to overcome his or her fears and to deal with prejudice at work. Follow-up with the supervisor is crucial to the success of the model; early, constant consultation with the disabled person's employer helps to ensure both will survive the first stages of employment, eventually allow- ing each to be weaned from the social worker and to carry on independently. Implementing the model, said Poole, of course costs society money. But the possible results — the disabled earning a living, paying taxes, moving out of an institution in many cases, and generally needing less and less of the government's largesse — could pay off in the long run. This especially piqued the interest of the Lebanese who face funding the Hercu- lean task of putting back together many of their 48 hospitals and institutions that were damaged or destroyed by recent bombings. A few sessions presented difficulties for some participants because of religious teachings. "Human Sexuality and the Disabled," for example, raised a few Muslim eyebrows. Carlton noted that some people interpret the Koran as forbidding a disabled man, such as a paraplegic or quadraplegic, to marry if he could not have children. "Others, however, point out that this is a slight misinterpretation of the Koran," said Carlton, "which they believe stipulates only that a man may not marry if he cannot have sexual relations, not if he cannot father children. "Regardless," added Carlton, "we found the group at least receptive to new information even if there might have been confusion or problems because of religion." In fact, one of the more reassuring status reports during the conference came from the translators. Midway through the week, Poole asked one of the translators how everyone was faring, given the language barriers (English, French, and Arabic were the main languages to be translated) and some of the more progressive ideas being presented. "She explained that usually the trans- lators pick up side remarks in Arabic if a session isn't going well or something angers a participant or isn't taken seri- ously," said Poole. " 'So far,' she said to me, 'we haven't heard any cracks in Arabic. You're doing fine.' One obvious reason Lebanon is slightly behind the times is the crippling effects of the country's history of politi- cal strife and, of late, hostilities along Lebanon's borders. While Lebanon has its fair share of disability, recent conflicts have exacerbated their problems. Just knowing who and where the disabled are has proved to be a census-taker's night- mare. Until 1981, in fact, no official counting had ever been undertaken. The WRF, in a 1982 report sponsored by the Agency for International Develop- ment, U.S. Department of State, re- viewed the only two reports on disability in existence, conducted independently in 1981 by the private Lebanese organi- zation CARITAS and the government's Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Each census, the WRF discovered, used a different methodology, so the reports' figures could not be compared, nor could one report be favored as more accurate over the other. Furthermore, casualties from the June to September 1981 air attack on Beirut were not counted at all. Unknown numbers of civilians were evacuated to Israel, Cy- prus, Greece, Libya, and Syria, reported the WRF, and some people were trans- ferred from one hospital to another and in some cases to a third when the second was forced to shut down. The WRF also found most of the existing reports on petsons severely handicapped during the 1981 crisis to be anecdotal. Finally, no formal study or survey was made of disability among the more than 90,000 refugees and displaced persons in the camps and settlements in West Beirut and South Lebanon as a result of the air strike. Poole said the WRF instructed them to shy away from the topic of Lebanon's conflicts during the conference. Still, it provided an inevitable backdrop to the meeting on a number of levels. The Muslims were able to fly to Cyprus, but the Christians had to settle for a 12-hour boat trip across the Mediterranean, since Muslim militias currently control Beirut's airports. Many Lebanese social workers literally cannot get to their clients, or their clients to them, because of the numerous checkpoints the militias have set up across the country. Since the conference could not be held in Leba- non, Poole and Carlton could not see what's left of Lebanon's facilities for the disabled. And Lebanon's National Association of Social Workers hasn't been able to hold a national meeting in five years because of the war. Most poignant of all were the Leba- nese participants, worried about the families and friends they left behind to go to Cyprus. One woman, recalled Poole, panicked when she couldn't reach her family back in Lebanon after she arrived at the conference. It turned out that they had simply gone out for awhile: "She cried with relief when she reached them a few hours later," said Carlton. The first thing each Lebanese did on the day of arrival, in fact, was phone home, "to make sure the kids got home from school or that everyone was still okay." Carlton realized soon into the confer- ence that this level of anxiety is an 10 everyday condition of life in Lebanon. "They're always doing this — checking on each other, watching for the kids after school or someone returning from a shopping trip. It's an intense level of concern quite unfamiliar to us Americans." What Poole and Carlton found pleas- antly surprising, however, was the optimism among the Lebanese partici- pants. "We found the Lebanese to be incredibly resourceful in light of their desperate situation," said Carlton. One participant representing the Red Cross told the others of how she man- aged to set up services for the disabled along Beirut's Green Line. She first had to convince the local leaders in the area that the symbol of the red cross did not stand for a Christian sect, or any reli- gious sect. Once she convinced them of this, the leaders sent volunteers whom she trained to work with the disabled in the area. She also convinced the various militia leaders to cease shelling the area. If they could fight elsewhere, she rea- soned, her programs would succeed. Eventually, she extracted protection from the militias, and she was in business. Progress in rehahil.ijtation for the disabled, noted Poqle, will not necessar- ily be impeded by Lebanon's religious differences. "The disabled themselves will see that more of their needs are met and attitudes begin to change. In the U.S., with some exceptions, it wasn't the politicians or the government or even the professionals that began revolu- tionizing attitudes and changing rehabil- itation programs, but the disabled and their guardians who took the initiative. There's every reason to believe the same thing will happen in Lebanon." Indeed most of the 19 participants represented Lebanon's private organiza- tions, both secular and religious, not the government. Some groups were created by the disabled, such as the Lebanese Association for the Sitting Handi- capped, a group formed by wheelchair- bound citizens. "Religious differences appear to be the least of the people's worries, even if the militias use religion to justify their existence," said Carlton. "The individ- ual groups have responded to Lebanon's needs and, so far, seem to be doing a good job of getting help to the disabled under the most intolerable conditions." Extension of friendship also character- ized the spirit of the participants. Both Poole and Carlton noted that "the Lebanese love to have a good time, and the Cypriots were quite accommodating in this regard." Everyone, without exception, got along farhously during the conference, they said. In one case a Shi'ite Muslim participant found herself facing a number of potentially compro- mising situations in attempting to social- ize with the other participants. "The Shi'ites practically forbid their members to be in the same room with alcohol, let alone drink it, which pre- sented difficulties for her after hours," said Poole. She faced spending her evenings alone in her hotel room. But a Catholic nun soon recognized her deli- cate position and befriended her. By chaperoning her constantly, the nun ensured no one could call into question the Shi'ite's moral conduct, and she was able to relax and enjoy the company of her new friends. Poole and Carlton did not emerge unaffected by the situation confronting the Lebanese. They came away with a sense of hope, not only about rehabilita- tion for Lebanon's disabled but also about the Lebanese people — but it was tempered by a better understanding of the palatable desperation of the political situation in Lebanon. "It was difficult watching them leave us, boarding their buses for transporta- tion back to Lebanon, the Christians on one bus for the boat trip, the Muslims on another for the plane trip. They were singing and joking and laughing with one another and also crying together the last day of the conference. It was hard, knowing just a little about what they're all returning to," said Carlton. "It was a very emotional farewell." S Photographs courtesy of the Press and Information Office, Embassy of Cyprus, Washington, D.C. HIGHEREDUCATION LIVE FROM VCU By Rick Alekna ver the past few years, while many were still assessing the aftermath of the breakup of AT&T, college faculty were experimenting in a new field and learning a new language. Intermittent exchanges of this new language have been heard recently at VCU: "At first we thought we would downlink it at WCVE and shoot it over on the ITFS, but then a vendor donated a portable TVRO so we could feed it into an Aquastar in the Commons." "Great! What bird you using?" "Westar IV, lOD!" Needless to say, changes have oc- curred. These changes are a result of a revitalization of the telecommunications industry. Prices have plummeted, and new technologies have been introduced, placing a huge new resource at the fingertips of educators. Several technol- ogies, used separately or in aggregate, are actually eroding the old constraints of space/time and allowing VCU faculty to be in several places at once and our students to attend class at their worksites or at home. The list of technologies is long. Some of these new educational tools, however. 12 include the microwave, a narrow beam, closed-circuit transmission used to send televised classroom signals over long distances (40 miles); the Instructional Television Fixed System (ITFS), an omni-directional, closed-circuit broad- cast system used to deliver educational programming to several points within a 15-mile radius; TVROs, circular dish- shaped antennas that receive satellite signals (also called a dish or downlink); a bridge over which several telephone lines can be linked together in conjunc- tion with a television broadcast to allow viewers at distant sites to communicate with each other or with the televised instructor; and the satellite, a space craft 22,300 miles in space that can receive a signal from earth, amplify it, and send it back. In the latter technology, a signal originating from Richmond could be received practically anywhere in the continental United States and even as far south as central South America. There's no limit on the number of TVROs that could receive the signal. These few items tell the tale: this new technology allows faculty to teach a class on campus and simultaneously at a potentially limitless number of sites around central Virginia, the Common- wealth, the U.S., or internationally. The Instructional Television (ITV) classroom is not much different from the traditional one. Additions include microphones on student desks, a special control booth, and two or three cameras to shoot different angles and materials. Generally, the teaching techniques are the same as they are for any well-taught class, hut more care is necessary in visual production and in getting students at distant sites to interact and feel a part of the class. Usually a few hours of training and some experience are all that faculty need to develop their tele-teaching techniques. Half a dozen factors are causing higher education to embrace these new elec- tronic teaching tools. Telecommunica- tions technology these days is better, less cumbersome, cheaper, and tried and true. In fact, industry and education have teamed up in a number of instances to advance telecommunications technol- ogy. Additional factors include continual budget declines and insufficient faculty resources that cause our most important resource, our faculty, to feel strapped with demands on their time and exper- tise. Finally, our clientele has changed: students are older, have regular employ- ment, and have increased learning needs. For example, about two-thirds of VCU's student body are above the traditional college student age of 18-22. Nearly one-half of them are part-time students who work and have family responsibilities. They need their educa- tion for very specific reasons, and they need to get it in a more convenient way — one that allows them to continue work and be part ot their families. We've seen this demand for flexibility over the past couple of years in the rapid growth of off-campus class enrollments. The fact is we need help doing what we're sup- posed to do, and we're learning how to use telecommunications to help and to meet our responsibilities as educators. Recognizing the change in the tele- communications environment and feeling the pinch in resources, VCU created the Office ot Media Instruction under the Division of Continuing Stud- ies and Public Service just over a year ago. The main responsibilities of the office are to develop programming in and to provide administrative support for instructional telecommunications pro- grams — thereby providing increased access to VCU courses, new resources to the VCU community, and new profes- sional opportunities for the faculty and staff. After one year, the projects con- ducted by VCU departments in collabo- ration with the Office of Media Instruc- tion have been varied and impressive, serving nearly 400 students in 20 media- based credit offerings and another 3,000 in noncredit programs. Highlights of the activities indicate the breadth and innovation of media instruction pro- grams: • The School of Social Work's federal grant project is offering four state-wide, closed-circuit video conferences to train social service professionals in placing minority children more rapidly out of foster care into permanent homes. It ends with a six-state satellite telecon- ference showing other states how to replicate the project. The in-state series will be seen simultaneously in Fairfax, Blacksburg, Charlottesville, Richmond, and Norfolk. The six-state program will 13 reach Delaware, Maryland, Washington, D.C. , West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. • The Department of English video- taped a series of readings hy nationally- known writers. Tapes will be used as instructional resources and as cable TV educational programming. • The Geriatrics Education Center's grant project included funding for three teleconferences per year tor the next three years on various current issues and research in geriatrics. These telecon- ferences will originate locally and be received in five sites around Virginia. • The Department of Health Admin- istration has received a grant from a private nursing home chain to support one faculty position for a year's project to develop media-based educational packages for a national clientele. • Student Activities/Student Com- mons sponsored a live satellite telecon- ference in February. The program in- cluded three live segments, one on the Great Directors from Los Angeles, a student activities convention from Washington, D.C, and a live, multi- media rock concert from London. • The School of Nursing will conduct an experiment in audio teleconference teaching this summer by dividing a class into two sections — one taught tradition- ally, the other taught simultaneously but via an audio link to another location. This project may lead to telecommunica- tions-delivered instruction for nurses in hospitals. • The School of Social Work's De- cember conference on the impact of social programs of the sixties and seven- ties was taped and is in the process ot editing tor a spring air date on Rich- mond's PBS Channel 23. The panel included Herbert Hirsch (VCU), Jean Harris (former secretary of Virginia Health and Human Services), Joe Fisher (Virginia Health and Human Services), Henry Marsh (Richmond City Council), and Donald Edmunds (state republican chairman). • The School of Education received a state grant to offer a telecourse (open- broadcast) tor 75 area science teachers. Ninety-nine students are currently enrolled. • The Department of Foreign Lan- guages received a Provost grant for innovative teaching to continue the development of its international audio network. A series ot six teleconferences with Italy and one each with Austria, France, and Spain are planned for instructional support and to further international understanding. • The Department of Recreation delivered a therapeutic recreation course via audio teleconferencing originating at VCU and delivered to the Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center in Fishers- ville. Another course is in planning. • The School of Pharmacy has created a certificate program tor practicing pharmacists. Over 120 hours of lectures have been video-taped and supported by print materials to constitute the content. These materials are distributed around the state and city-by-city, and supported hy faculty consultations with students and on-site panel discussions. Pharma- cists all across Virginia can now access ■ H^^-fV 1 ■ ^P^ 'atS» '-i^ '"^l H ^^?^ ^ '• t-^ ..'^'-v ?•.''»,-' 1 ^M K^ ^ -^ ■ ' ^^^^H 1 M Bpik'-a'jj 1 wflP 1 9 ^m k 1 VCU graduate pharmacy courses in their own locales. Initiating media-based educational programming is not easy; in fact, begin- ning anything new is difficult. However, VCU is working to overcome the hur- dles to the use of media instruction. The Offices of Media Instruction and Com- puting and Communications and the Media Services Division ot University Libraries are cooperating on facilities development to serve VCU's academic departments: Internal Network. An upgrading and 14 expansion of the video network on the MCV Campus is progressing, as is the installation of a backhone video network on the Academic Campus. A recent agreement worked out with a local cable company will tie the two campuses together and allow direct-from-campus access to 70,000 cable subscriber homes, businesses, and government locations. Proposals are circulating for increased production facilities and technical personnel. External Network. Proposals have been submitted for a microwave link to WCVE (Channel 23), which would give VCU access from campus to a statewide microwave system and to a satellite uplink. VCU already holds membership in the National University Telecon- ference Network, an ad hoc satellite network of over 100 colleges, and is currently exploring joining a health science network. A proposal also is circulating for the creation of the world's first permanent International Audio Network for education, which could be headquartered at VCU. These activities and special faculty training sessions are quickly spreading knowledge and expertise in electronic teaching. We're learning how to use these tools more effectively and effi- ciently, and we're creating new oppiir- tunities as we progress. VCU faculty also realize that their position carries a special responsibility — a concern for the future. And that future will demand more from us. We know our lives will not become less complex or less full. We know that educational needs will increase. Additionally, as citizens in a free society, we're keenly aware of the need for a well-educated public. A democracy simply cannot function without an informed public with critical thinking skills. It's the role of institutions like VCU to develop these skills and to disseminate informa- tion necessary to society. One startling fact is that within 50 years the space economy will be as large as the whole of our current economy. The chore of the technology transfer and technical education necessary to meet this challenge is mindboggling. In addition, the entire health care industry is in upheaval, placing new demands for knowledge and expertise on its profes- sionals. Finally, the basic grounding of a solid liberal arts education is no less important in our complex modern society. VCU is stepping up to the challenge. In the future VCU will have access to several networks, internal and external, that will allow it to extend its resources as never before. Citizens of Virginia, be they on campus, in Hanover County, in Fairfax, or in Wytheville, will have easy access to programs. VCU's special expertise will even be available to the nation, or to Europe, Central America, and other continents. VCU, with higher education, is taking broad steps into a new era. S After serving as a communicatims intelli- gence analyst in the Air Force and complet- ing his education, Rick Alekna came to VCU in 1978 as a faculty member in the English department. Since that time he has served as assistant to the chairman of the English department; an admissums coun- selor; assistant director of evening, summer, and off-campus studies; and project director for the 1984 VCU Instructional Telecom- munications Study. Alehw currently serves VCU as director of the Office of Media Instruction. He was recently appointed chairman of the National University Tele- conference Network's Communications Resource Group, and he serves on NUTN's advisory board. Photography by Chip Mitchell. 15 ■;;-4;l; ^^-; -,"! EDUCATIONAL POVEKTY IN COLLEGE ATHLETICS By Paul Woody t the University of Kentucky, a handshake was worth $50, maybe even $100 on a good night. At Texas Christian University, four years of football was worth a lot more than tuition, room, board, and hooks. At Tulane Univer- sity, the players were greatly concerned about not humiliating opponents. Kindness paid — in dollars and drugs. Tulane 's president was so impressed, he abolished the school's basketball program. At the University of Tennessee, two players, one of them a record-setting quarterback, were arrested for selling cocaine. The university immediately withdrew their scholarships, offering a new interpretation of the Bill of Rights; henceforth, at UT anyway, a person is guilty before proven innocent. At Arizona State University, a psychia- trist gave some members of the baseball team prescriptions for mind-altering drugs — despite evidence of their serious side effects — in order to improve their performances on the diamond. And that's today's sports report. There's never a dull moment in intercollegiate athletics these days; in fact, the action off the field is usually far more interesting than anything that takes place on it. Some observers are appalled by all this. Some aren't sur- prised, and some aren't concerned at all. Usually, the degree of concern depends on whether your team gets caught and whether it was winning at the time. At the University of Kentucky, where winning in basketball is a way of life, many boosters were outraged, not by the violations of NCAA rules, but by the newspaper that reported them. At Tulane, gamblers provided cash and cocaine for players to lose games delib- erately or shave points so big buc.ks could be made from bets. In the process of the investigation, it was discovered that the coach was paying at least one player and that cash was delivered to a player in shoe boxes in order to get him to agree to attend Tulane. Recently, Texas A&.M football players have admit- ted to receiving various illegal payments from boosters. Southern Methodist University is on probation regularly for violations of NCAA rules in its football program. And colleges all around the country are waiting to see who's next. And it could be almost anybody. And no one will be surprised. It's easy to be cynical about all this. Anyone associated with college athletics has known such violations have been occurring for years. The surprise is that they're finally being reported. It's hard not to violate NCAA rules. Some are ridiculous — athletes aren't supposed to use athletic department washers and dryers to wash their clothes, for example. Who cares? And it's also hard not to violate the rules because college athletics are a competitive business, and everyone's looking for an edge. College athletics are a highly lucrative endeavor — millions are made and spent — and when there's that much money involved, with all the pressure that comes with winning and earning more inoney, ethics can sometimes take 17<' K ■ k a backseat to profits. Some coaches get rich, many get ulcers, and all get caught in the rat race of winning. The only people who don't seem to be getting the maximum out of their invest- ment in college athletics are the ath- letes. Sure, they do all right. They always seem to dress well, never seem to be lacking for spending money, and more often than not have some means of transportation other than shoe leather. But there's this ideal many hold that the players of these games are student- athletes. After all, they're supposed to be in college to get an education, and their athletic endeavors are supposed to help them achieve success when they reach the competitive world of nonath- letics after graduation. That sounds nice. Whether it's actually happening is open for long and involved debate. College athletes seem to be doing everything hut graduating these days. The players are supposed to realize that they can't play ball all their lives. But in the back of practically every athlete's mind is one thought: professional career. And they're not thinking physician or lawyer or librarian. They should consider the odds. There are probably 20,000 to 30,000 college football players in Division I-A, Division I-AA, and Division II college football. Most of them hold the thought of mak- ing it in the pros when college ends. But in the NFL, there are 28 teams and about 1,500 jobs available. Even so, that's misleading because all those jobs aren't open every year. At the most, there's room for about 280 rookies each year in the NFL, and that's stretching things a bit. In professional basketball, the odds are even longer. There are only 23 teams in the NBA, providing 246 jobs. There are about 2,400 players in Division I college basketball alone. That doesn't count Division II and III players, players who graduated and played in Europe for a year or two, and players who were cut by pro teams and spent a season or so playing semipro basketball. Even if a player makes it in the pros, that's no indication that he's got life on easy street forever. The average length of a pro career is about four years, and the average salary in the NFL is $188,000. Like all average salaries, that's inflated by the superstars who make $500,000 a year. Those aren't exactly statistics on which you plan an early retirement. College athletes need to be prepared to hold real jobs. So, what is the NCAA, the govern- ing body of college athletics, doing about it? What's the NCAA doing in light of evidence that college athletes aren't getting educations, that college athletes are being paid, that some ath- letes aren't qualified for or prepared to do college work, that college athletes aren't graduating? Here's one thing the NCAA is doing. It's telling high school athletes they're going to have to shape up or they're not going to get into college. Proposition 48, NCAA Bylaw 5-l-(j), states that to participate in Division I-A or I-AA football or Division I basketball or any other Division I sport, the high school athlete must score at least 700 on his Standardized Aptitude Tests (SATs); and have a 2.0 (C) grade point average in a curriculum that includes at least three years of English, two years of math, two years of social science, and two years of natural or physical science, including at least one laboratory class if offered by the high school. At a recent NCAA meeting, the members voted for a two-year period of adjustment to these requirements. In the interim, a sliding scale will he used to determine admissions. For example, if an athlete has a 1.8 GPA, he can still qualify for a Division I scholarship (I-A and I-AA in football) by scoring a 740 on his SATs. He could get in with a 660 on the SATs, provided the GPA was a2.2. They probably meant well, but what the NCAA did was open up a whole new area of problems. How many argu- ments do you think will take place between coaches and admissions officers as to whether Nick Noodle actually has a 1.7 or a L76, which could he rounded off to a L8? Transcripts have been altered in the past. With so much at stake and eligibility so close, won't the temptation be great to do so again? Even if things go perfectly, this creates an enormous administrative problem: someone has to bring all this together. Should it be high school counselors, who are already overworked? Should jt be high school coaches who are over- worked and underpaid? Should it be each individual college? The NCAA, in effect, has taken another one of its indefinitive stands. The NCAA has already decreed that athletes who attend a junior college must graduate with a 2.0 GPA before they can enroll in a Division I college. That's all well and good; if you're going to go to college, you should be prepared for the academic work you'll face there. But isn't there a flaw in here? The NCAA wants junior college athletes to graduate; it demands that high school graduates be well-versed in a variety of subjects. But not one voice in the NCAA has made mention of having these Division 1, four-year college athletes graduate. Right now, coaches and universities who can brag of having the majority of their athletes graduate within four or even five years are excep- tions. Notable exceptions. Whenever the suggestion is made that scholarships available should be based on the graduation rate of team members, a cry is heard across the land. Usually, it goes something like this: "It's unfair to expect every college athlete to graduate. Already the graduation rate within the football/basketball program is higher than that of the rest of the student body." That's an interesting point. Does the rest of the student body have access to free tutors? Mandatory study halls? An academic advisor who guides them into majors and classes? It's as if the NCAA is saying, "You guys aren't going to embarrass us anymore. When we get you, there's going to be no question that you belong in college. We're not too concerned about what you do once you get to college, though. As long as it's not illegal." That's a bit harsh. Consider this: at a recent NCAA convention, rules were passed for testing athletes for drugs, but nowhere was one word mentioned of treatment of or rehabilitation for ath- letes who are found to have drug prob- lems. (VCU's faculty chairman on athletics. Dr. Steve Danish, chairman of the psychology department, voted against the rule, which passed over- whelmingly, because it made no mention of treatment for athletes who have drug problems. ) Sure, there are colleges and coaches that look after their kids. They try to get them through school, and they try to get 18 them routed toward jobs they can hold for a lifetime. But those kinds of coaches and colleges seem to be fewer and fewer. And the problem is that from the very beginning, athletes receive an unrealistic view of their lives. They show up for a recruiting visit, and they're set up with a beautiful coed, treated as if they're visiting royalty, and see a jersey with their name and number on it hanging in the locker room. "All this can be yours, Oscar Over- achiever, if you'll just say you'll come here to Fountainpen College." It's akin to winning on a game show with the announcer listing all your prizes. The good times can stop, though, if the athlete just isn't the player the coach thought when he was recruiting him. That can be rough. In the name of fiscal responsibility, the NCAA decided to allow its members to award scholar'-'iips on a yearly basis. Now athletes aren't guaranteed four years of tuition-free education; instead, at the end of each school year, the coach decides whose scholarships will be renewed and whose will not. Certainly coaches make mistakes when they're recruiting and get players whose characters are at best question- able, at worst intolerable. Perhaps there should be some redress in such instances. But this isn't it, because it's used far more often to rid a program of an athlete who, for whatever reason, isn't as tal- ented as the coach originally thought or isn't producing as the coach desires. Most coaches aren't blatant enough to clean house every season. But if you were an athlete and a recruiter made a mistake and you really weren't capable of playing at a certain level, would you want it hanging over your head that your coach could say, "Hey, thanks for your time. Now get lost."? It doesn't happen often, but it happens. The NCAA also has decreed that scholarship athletes cannot hold outside employment during the school year. Of course, this is to ensure that Harry Overzealous, the alumnus who owns most of downtown, doesn't just put one of the players on the payroll. The NCAA also doesn't want star athletes using their names to sell cars, insurance, or soft drinks. Coaches, of course, can do that, but not players. What the rule does is prevent athletes (who aren't bankrolled under the table by a sugar daddy) from earning money needed to live as well as the nonstudent- athlete who has a part-time job. What we have are papermache ethics, rampant hypocrisy, and the potential for scandal after money-induced scandal. And why not.' Athletes take a look at the examples they have to follow and follow them. Usually, the coach has a contract with a shoe company worth five or six figures. A local car dealer invari- ably provides a car. He makes money oft a television program and from running a summer camp. And he never takes a shot or plays a lick ot defense. When the athlete sees the school and the coach making money, how can anyone be surprised when he feels he ought to be making a few bucks as well? If athletes are looking to NCAA administrators as pillars ot strength, they'd best turn their eyes in another direction. Some high-ranking NCAA officials have been reported to have received low-interest loans from the bank where the NCAA keeps the bulk ot its $40 million in funds. Sort of makes you think of the NCAA as Jed Clampett and the bankers as Milburn Drysdale (provided you're old enough to remem- ber the Beverly Hillbillies). The NCAA talks about cleaning things up, but it never does anything. It's past time for the NCAA to take some of the responsibility fi)r what's going on and not continue to pass rules that put the onus for change entirely on the athletes, who enter college as 18- and 19-year-olds. The NCAA can do nothing and continue with the same system, make legitimate changes that will bring college athletics into the late twentieth century, or return to the "good old days." Proposal I. We know what will happen if things continue as they are. Every year or so, a major scandal will break. Coach Jim Goodheart will be shocked to learn that alumni have been quietly slipping players oil wells, thoroughbred horses, and expensive sports cars. It's those darned boosters again. Coach Goodheart will say. Danged if I can control them. They mean well. It's just that they're, well, overzealous. Fans of the school will rage at the reporters who "uncover" these heinous crimes, the NCAA will investigate, the school will be placed on probation for a year or two, and life will go on. It's an interesting little game; right now, it's the only game in town. If the colleges want to keep it that way, fine. Everyone should realize, though, that it's not always the "other" guy who gets caught. And, if they do get caught, they should accept the punishment like adults instead of running around crying con- spiracy and saying, "Why us? You can find the same thing at any other major university in the country." Act like adults: you take the risk, you accept the consequences when the risk fails. But it doesn't have to be that way. Proposal U. One suggestion is to pay athletes. Actually, so many people blanche at the words, "pay college athletes," that it's always referred to as "give athletes a monthly stipend of about $100." It's a nice idea, but it's not going to correct anything. Why, most stars will ask, should I take a pay cut? Before any of this gets cleared up, certain facts have to be faced. There are athletes in college who aren't really college material. That's not a crime. Borderline students are admitted to college all the time. It's just that if they don't make it, they should do something else. Today college athletes who can't make it hang around for tqur years, and then they're gone. / The thing that's wrong is that we pretend these nonscholar-athletes are actual students. Then, we shake our heads in disgust when one finishes his college eligibility but has fifth-grade verbal skills. Why don't we quit moaning and do something about it? If a kid wants to play for State U, but doesn't really belong in classes at State U, let's be reasonable. Let him work for State U and let State U pay him for that work. He can work in the library or the cafete- ria. He can work in a State U funded recreation project, or go door-to-door on research projects. He can work for buildings and grounds and learn how to be a plumber or carpenter or electrician. He can work tor an office ot student life or in the university-run day care center. He can work in the print shop or the history department. It must be a real job with real respon- sibility and not merely making sure the lights are off in the chemistry lab each night or that the grass on the football field is growing (especially if it's artificial 19 turf). This way, athletes are a legitimate part ot the university community instead of hired guns. And when their eligibility is up, he might have a job skill that will enable him to exist or even succeed in the real world. Now, that doesn't solve the problem. Sherm Easystreet of the booster club still is going to want to spend his money. But instead of slapping it into the palms of Billy Basketball, Sherm can deposit it in a university fund that will provide or supplement the "stipend fund" that provides for the athletes. Already, you can hear the cry — "That's stereotyping. Some kids will always be funneled into jobs, while others take classes." There's a way around that: freshmen can't play varsity sports anymote. In- stead, they'll play on low-profile fresh- man teams and use their freshman year to find out if they're cut out for college or should consider other options. After that, they'll have four years of varsity eligibility remaining. Redshirting (hold- ing an athlete out a year in order to extend his college career) will he discon- tinued, except for medical reasons. This way, an athlete might discover that college courses really aren't for him, and he has to throw himself into his other work. Or, he might find out he can make it in college if he takes only one or two courses at a time. And the same support systems now in place, academic advising and tutoring, will still exist. But the athlete really will have to do his own work. If he finds that he can't make it in college or that he just doesn't want to make it in college, at least he finishes his eligibility with some money and a skill that will enable him to have a job with a future. The athletes who choose to take a full load of classes might wonder about all this. After all, it's a lot less stressful to work in the library than it is to study for a biology final. One way to handle that is simply remind the student-athlete that his earning potential once he graduates is far greater than that of the working athlete. As you might remember, that's what your advisor and parents always said when you mentioned the fact that this college education deal was overrated and who really cared about wackos like that Hamlet, anyway, and do you realize how much air conditionet and refrigera- tion workers make an hour? Of course, Steven Starstruck, who has been the All-American boy all these years, expects a bit more than that. To encourage him to graduate, some of Big Jim Moneybags' contributions will be placed in a trust fund, and every athlete who graduates within five years of his enrollment date gets a monetary reward. But only if he graduates. To make all this work, the NCAA has to take a rather hard line (which, in itself, could be a problem). Violators would have to be punished severely, especially for recruiting violations such as ptomising players high-paying, low- efi^ort jobs. Such punishments would include no part of the lucrative televi- sion money that's available, not even a share a school might get as a member of a conference; immediate dismissals; and suspensions of programs. Boosters' roles in the program would be limited to making donations to the athletic fund, wearing outlandish outfits to games, and cheering wildly. Coaches, athletic directors, and everyone else involved in the program would be directly responsible for these policies. But it will work only if the price for getting caught cheating is greater than the price for losing games. Of course, the thought of all that change, of actually corrupting these fine young men with jobs and money, is more than some can stand. There are ideals at stake here. There are more important things than winning and losing. Proposal III. The other solution is to return to the "good old days." In those times, athletes were as pure as the fresh- fallen snow. Those who weren't major- ing in medicine in order to go to far-ofi^ lands and save entire cultures were studying the humanities in order to be well-rounded and, thus, to become feeling, thinking, compassionate mem- bers of the communities into which they would eventually settle. Those, my friends, were the days. You want those days hack? Here's how you do it. Abolish all athletic scholarships. Give grants based strictly on need or academic excellence. Police the programs strin- gently and fire, on the spot, coaches who violate the policy. But also remove the immense pressure coaches are now under to win. Make them teachers first and coaches second. Put them in the classroom (can you imagine that?) to teach real courses — not The Theory of Coaching Basketball or Basketball Conditioning, a one-credit course for the student "who wishes to promote proper cardiovascular fitness." They can teach PE or English, busi- ness or art history — but they have to teach. They also need to be actual members of the university community and not the dieties who have vast bas- ketball halls named for them. Instead of criss-crossing the country sweet-talking mothers and evaluating prospects at summer camps like so many sides of beef, the coaches will take the athletes who walk in the door. They'll really have to do some coaching. As a tradeoff, coaches will receive job security. The pressure to win will be less because the money involved for being successful will be far less. Coaches won't have to worry about beating Moveover Tech or scheduling ten creampufi"s in order to get 20 victories and make it into the NCAA tournament. The players really will be students; for one thing, they'll know other students who aren't athletes. And if a player suddenly starts driving around in a fancy car and wearing a whole new wardrobe, people will be suspicious instead of cynical, and that young man will find himself with a lot of explaining to do. O, happy days. There'll be pep rallies on the steps of the ptesident's house, and Mary Lou Peachcobbler will swell with pride when her fella makes the team. Sounds wonderful, doesn't it? There's just one problem. The "good old days" never existed in college ath- letics. But it might be worth a try. Granted, the chances of this plan suc- ceeding are about as great as a mule winning the Kentucky Derby, hut it might happen. College sports are great for alumni, fans, and students. It's time college was just as great for the athletes. Locker room philosophers are fond of saying, "It's just a game." It's time we stopped playing games with college athletes. S Paul Woody (B.A. English, 1975; M.A, 1982) is a sports writer for the Richmond News Leader. Illustration by Scott Wright. 20 By Elaine Jones Assuming a high school athlete makes it into a Division I school, manages to stay eligible for four years in the Division 1 school, defies the odds of being drafted into the pros and (if he's lucky) escapes injury, he might enjoy the average three to four years of the pro career. If he started the college leg of the trip at 18 and stayed in college for four years, his professional life should come to a close by the time he turns 25 or 26, perhaps a few years more. Unless he got a degree while he was in college or thought to line up something while finishing his playing time, the average pro athlete may well be asking, "What now?" before he turns 30. Some colleges and universities have begun to take more responsibility for the college phase of the process, by reexam- ining how they educate their student- athletes. What is VCU doing to help its student-athletes graduate? Last September, Mike Pollio, the new head coach of the Rams mens' basketball team, laid down the law about graduat- ing. After reflecting on VCU's basket- ball players' graduation record (three players since 1978), Pollio implemented the following requirements: • Each basketball player must pass 30 semester hours in a degree program by the end of each spring semester, not the 24 the NCAA requires to stay eligible. Four years of 24 hours each yields only 96 hours; VCU, like other colleges and universities, requires at least 123 hours to qualify for graduation. Four years is still all any athlete has of eligibility. Unless the NCAA decides to raise the eligibility period to five years, VCU players will pass the additional hours. If they don't, they have to go to summer school. • There is now mandatory study hall, held three nights a week in James Branch Cabell Library and monitored by an assistant coach, for the following groups of players: all freshmen and anyone with less than a 2.0 grade point average, for all three nights; all transfer student-athletes and anyone with less than a 2.25 GPA, for two nights; and any player maintaining a GPA of 2.25 to 2.5, for one night. • All basketball players, regardless of their academic standing, must present an evaluation form to their instructors every three weeks. The instructor assigns a grade, records the player's attendance, adds any further notes on academic progress he or she wishes, and returns the form to Pollio. "The form's a hassle for the instruc- tors," said Mike Ballweg, VCU's sports information director, "but so far, no one's complained about it. Besides, it's the only way we can monitor players' academic progress." Added Ballweg: "Missing class, without a very good reason, is a major no-no." What if a player fails to meet PoUio's minimum requirements? "He doesn't play ball for VCU," said Ballweg. To help players keep up with VCU's academic requirements and fulfill Pollio's demands, the coaching staff has made a few changes in the routine. Practices are now tailored around daytime class schedules. "We start practice an hour later now," said Ballweg. "And, most of our road games were scheduled during the break between fall and spring." There's also talk at NCAA about reduc- ing the schedule of contests, though to date no formal proposal has been made. Ballweg said individual assistance has been extended to several basketball players who, for one reason or another, found themselves in a bind at VCU. "One player, who joined us last fall, did poorly in school," said Ballweg. "So Pollio did not permit him road travel with the team this spring. That way, maybe he'll improve his grades and be back with us next year, instead of flunk- ing out and not being with us at all." Ballweg said that so often athletes arrive on campus believing that they can do it all and have it all. They can juggle playing, practice, the road schedule, classes, and homework, and even man- age a social life — with no problem. "They find out very quickly that this is virtually impossible. Studies are usually the first to go, so they need the help," said Ballweg. Dr. Charles McLeod, the university's new director of academic counseling for athletes, pointed out that student- athletes with high personal motivation and solid academic backgrounds are more likely to graduate from college than those who do not possess these characteristics. Many athletes succumb to the problems of being a student- athlete, "time management not the least of them," said McLeod. The basketball staff also decided to help two seniors whose eligibility is up but who still have not completed all the requirements for their degrees. "Usually, seniors use up their eligibil- ity, the scholarship money disappears, and they have no hope of finishing their education," said Ballweg. "In fact, that's a major reason many student-athletes don't graduate — they run out of money and have to leave." The staff provided tuition and fees for the two seniors tor their final year. "They helped us earn television reve- nues, so we figured this was the least we could do. They're still in school, even though they can't play for us anymore." Pollio understands the skepticism with which his new standards were greeted when he announced them last fall. The graduation rate of student-athletes, at least in the high-visibility, revenue- producing sports, is dismal. Last year, VCU ranked second from the bottom in the Sun Belt Conference in the number of degree-holding basketball players. By 21 and large, coaches, for whom the bot- tom Hne is winning, have not been known for imparting high levels of academic spirit among their players. The demands of the coaching job, however, can he formidable. Dr. Jay J. Coakley, professor of sociology at the University of Colorado, devoted a chapter on the coach in his book. Sport in Society (Times Mirror/Moshy College Publishing, 1986). The first thing he pointed out is that, historically, coaches were never hired to be teachers. "The job of the coach has always been to help athletes get ready for competition," wrote Coakley. When physical activity for reasons of health or personal enjoy- ment is most important, physical educa- tors provide guidance. But, "when winning, setting records, and extrinsic rewards are most important, participa- tion comes under the guidance of coaches." In the late nineteenth cen- tury, university administrators brought the job of coaching into the academic fold so that they could keep tabs on the athletic pursuits of their students, but "the coaches contributed nothing to academic programs." Compared to other roles, such as teacher, student, parent, spouse, or social worker, the role of the coach is unique. Coaches, pointed out Coakley, are held solely accountable for the results of their coaching, since competi- tive activities are highly visible and the outcome of competitions is public. "This means that the behavior of coaches can be viewed by spectators — sometimes numbering in the millions — and that the success rates of coaches can be objec- tively measured by wins and losses." Coakley listed the groups to whom coaches must answer in their jobs. Apart from home, spouse, and children, coaches must be mindful of the school administration, national and state athletic and coaches' associations, the athletic director, fellow coaches, support staff, faculty and students, fans (espe- cially alumni, students, and booster clubs), the news media, players' parents, and the players themselves — each of whom may not have needs in common with the others. To satisfy all these groups, Coakley wryly noted that for coaches "the most effective strategy is simply to win all their games, meets, and matches." Since this is impossible, coaches go through a process of minimizing the demands made on them. "Effectively handling these pressures and strains requires tactics such as getting support for their methods, gaining control over their programs and the people connected with them, and using diplomacy and expedience when dealing with other people," wrote Coakley. Some coaches' behavior, as a result, can range from the merely eccentric to the monstrous — in front of the eyes of administrators, the academic community, fans, parents, and players. More to the point, when reve- nues are at stake, coaches are prone to preferring winning over academic achievement or violating the rules. In the current university athletic environ- ment, winning is truly everything. But is it everything only in men's sports? Not necessarily. In January, the Chronicle of Higher Education reported cheating for money and prestige in women's college basketball. The NCAA had just levied its stiffest penalty ever on a women's basketball team. Northeast Louisiana University is on a year's probation and ruled ineligible for post- season competition this year — for re- cruiting violations. The coach, Linda Harper, is forbidden to engage in any off-campus recruiting for a year. And that's just the latest incident. Last year, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania was put on probation, again for recruiting violations. The Chronicle article, noting the opinion of several women's coaches, reported that "interest has surged as the caliber of play has improved. The NCAA women's basketball tournament made money for the first time last year, and there are new financial rewards to be gained from having a successful team." Many coaches, of course, are not entirely innocents at the mercy of the system. Pollio admitted that, until last September, he had only paid lip service to the idea that players ought to gradu- ate. Calling himself a "born-again academician," he decided he had to start getting serious about his players' futures, which are ambivalent at best given the odds of making it into professional sports. In addition to Pollio's measures for the men's basketball team, the Athletics Department has taken other steps. Academic counseling for athletes, under McLeod's direction, was implemented last summer to help all student-athletes, not just basketball players. The pro- gram's services entail education away from the classroom and off the playing field or basketball court. Seminars on time management and study skills, personal counseling, tutoring, and orientation for freshmen and transfer students are among the services the program extends to VCU's student- athletes. Program staff work as a liaison between athletic interests on the one hand and academic requirements on the other. Monitoring student-athletes' eligibility is among the roles the program has assumed. And, McLeod believes new incentive and recognition programs to reward the outstanding academic achievement of athletes "can help student-athletes get excited about being good students as well as good athletes." Taking into account student-athletes as a whole, the advising program, like several that are emerging in colleges and universities across the U.S., addresses four general categories of athletes. The first group includes those who are highly motivated and soundly prepared for college work. Academic advising, said McLeod, can provide general support to ensure these athletes mature socially as nonstudent-athletes do, by helping them not to become isolated within the cocoon of the athletic environment. The next group is also highly motivated and well-prepared academically, but these student-athletes don't know how to manage the demands on their time. McLeod said that time management and study skills offer the best support for this group. The group that gets the attention of university administrators and the public is comprised of student-athletes who possess poor academic backgrounds. "Actually, the fewest number of student- athletes fall into this category when looking at all sports," said McLeod. It is largely this group, however, for which Proposition 48 is intended. The first thing the academic advising program can do is make sure these athletes are provi- 22 sionally admitted through VCU's Educa- tional Support Programs, which assist educationally disadvantaged students. Finally, there are those student- athletes who come to college with little or no intention of getting a degree, regardless of their preparation for college work. They are usually in college to prepare for a pro career. These student- athletes are the hardest to help academi- cally because, "whatever their reasons, they are motivated only by the extracur- ricular aspect of the university," said McLeod. The most the staff can do is keep reminding them of the odds and make sure they stay enrolled in degree programs. "If they don't," said McLeod, "they'll simply lose their eligibility and be gone." The problem with this group is that they believe athletics is their only route to success in America, a belief that is most acute among young black males. Couple the fact that superstars appear in living color on television every weekend and many weeknights with the million- dollar fact of business life in professional sports, and the conviction among many young people that they will be excep- tions to the rule prove? immovable. In his book, Coakley also examined sport as a function of social mobility. For blacks especially, Coakley found oppor- tunities in athletics to be severely lim- ited. He estimated the number of posi- tions available in the sports most open to blacks — football, basketball, and baseball (for other sports, such as tennis and golf, parents need money to offer these to their children) — and added in the number of coaching and training positions available. He concluded that "it is doubtful that more than 3,000 blacks make their livelihood in pro sports. Since there are over 30 million blacks in the United States, this means that only one out of every 10,000 is employed in professional sports. And about half of those are in relatively low- paying jobs." Coakley added that it is irresponsible to suggest that sports provide blacks opportunities for upward social mobility, pointing out that if some other business encouraged all young black males to train for a very specific job open to a mere 3,000 employees, "it would be accused of fraud." Yet, wrote Coakley, "this has been done for years in connection with pro sports," further noting that sports have in fact been praised for their supposed contributions to mobility among blacks. Coakley believes that "young blacks would be much better off putting away basketballs and track shoes and trying to become president of the United States. Of course, the chances of getting elected would be slim-to-none, but the skills learned in pursuing the goal would be marketable in numerous other careers." Until changes occur in athletic com- petition in the college setting, coaches and university administrators will con- tinue to be left to their own devices. VCU's President Edmund F. Ackell came out in favor of Proposition 48 last July after a special session of the NCAA was held to discuss the proposal, indica- ting that "it seems to me that if an administrator stands by the concept that a student is a student first and an athlete second, he has to support it." Ackell acknowledged at the time that many urban universities, like VCU, will find Proposition 48 restricting. "1 understand the problem. I also understand that a lot of these students see athletics as a route out of the ghetto." But, said Ackell, "it's our job to convince these young people that if they're going to he athletes, they're going to be educated athletes," for their own benefit as well as for the benefit of the university. University administrators may not have been helped in dealing with the academic performance of their student- athletes by the recent decision of the Virginia General Assembly to shelve the "no pass, no play" bill for statewide regulation among Virginia's high schools. Delegate]. W. O'Brien, Jr. (D- Chesapeake) had proposed that student- athletes maintain at least a C average to say on a high school team, and, if they failed more than one class in a grading period, they would be off the team permanently. The Board of Education backs the push for higher standards but believes academic standing and team play criteria ought to be left to the localities. The General Assembly wants to study' the bill for another year. - Caught in the middle of these de- bates, of course, are student-athletes. Despite all arguments about the need for reform, the only thing that continues to make these young people so attractive to a system supported by substantial finan- cial incentive is their athletic prowess. It's a powerful commodity. In January, a Washington Post article reported that Patrick Ewing, while playing as center for Georgetown University's basketball team, brought the university an esti- mated $12.3 million in revenues. Georgetown's investment in Ewing was about $40,000 in scholarships. Nurtur- ing this commodity starts long before the college years, so that by the time many athletes enter college, they have come to believe their only worth lies in their physical gifts. John Madden, retired head coach of the NFL's Los Angeles Raiders, in his book Heji, Wait a Minute, illustrated this point through an anecdote about an incident that eventually convinced him to get out of coaching. Madden recalled the day in August 1978 that Darryl Stingley, wide receiver for the New England Patriots, collided with Jack Tatum, a Raider free safety, in a presea- son game. As exchanges between offense and defense go, it was routine, but when Stingley fell, a horrible thing happened: he broke his neck and was paralyzed. Tatum was not penalized on the field because he had not committed a foul, but he was roundly criticized for his athletic behavior anyway. Madden answered the criticism this way: "In high school coaches told him to hit hard, so he hit hard. At Ohio State, he was All-America because he hit hard. In the NFL, he was on three Pro Bowl teams because he hit hard. But after the accident, Jack Tatum was suddenly an evil player because he hit hard. Hell, that's why we drafted him — because he hit hard. " While the coach's athletic role and the university's academic role are clear, if constantly challenged, the student- athlete's role is contradictory. If he continues to be thrust into the academic world because of his potential to en- *- hance the athletic, recognizing his worth as an educated citizen early on may offer him some hope of successfully straddling both worlds — and eventually emerging without bearing only the burden of his athletic pursuits. 23 U N I V E R S T Y N THE NEWS Periodicals recognition The VCU Magazine garnered a special merit award in the 1986 annual communications compe- tition of the Council for the Ad- vancement and Support of Edu- cation's District III. VCU's research periodical. Re- search in Action, captured a grand award in the same CASE competition, sharing the top honors with research magazines for the University of Georgia and the University of Virginia. VCU's divestiture in South Africa VCU's Board of Visitors unqni- mously adopted a policy re- garding investment of funds controlled by the university in companies conducting business in South Africa, in keeping with their condemnation of the policy of apartheid. While the university has a fiduciary obligation to invest and manage its funds prudently, reported the board in its state- ment of resolution, the board does not believe the university's investment portfolio should be used as a vehicle to participate in political activitv. The board stipulated that in the case of South Africa, "a policy of review and possible selective divestiture would be financially prudent and morally responsible." To that end, the board adopted the following resolutions: • Companies doing business with or in the Republic of South Africa, which are signatory to the Sullivan Principles, will continue to be evaluated in the same manner as any other investments In VCU's portfolio. • The policies and practices of nonsignoton/ companies will be reviewed and evaluated by the university on an individual basis. If any company's policies lack a commitment to equal treatment of all races and an end to apart- heid, the board will recommend divestiture in its investment in that company. The Sullivan Principles, pub- lished in 1979 by the Reverend Leon H. Sullivan, are a set of guidelines under which busi- nesses formally agree not to practice racial discrimination and to do what they can to end the South African government's apartheid policies. To implement VCU's policy. President Edmund F. Ackell, in consultation with VCU's investment advisors, will review the current assets over which the university has direct control and report to the Board of Visitors' Executive Committee. Thereafter, Ackell will periodi- cally advise the committee on any VCU investments affected by the policy. The Board of Trustees of the MCV Foundation took similar action on divestiture. The Invest- ment Committee and the Execu- tive Committee of the foundation agreed with the policy adopted by VCU's Board of Visitors. The foundation's investment advisors have been directed not to invest in companies doing significant business in South Africa that are not signatory to the Sullivan Principles, without prior review and approval by the Investment Committee. MCV Hospitals' new director Carl R. Fischer is the new execu- tive director of MCV Hospitals, which has 1,058 beds and ranks as the fourth largest teaching health care complex in the United States. Fischer previously was execu- tive director of clinical programs at the University of Arkansas in Little Rock. He holds a bachelor's degree in nursing, a master's degree in nursing, and a master's degree in hospital administration. Fulbright scholars The Council for the International Exchange of Scholars (CIES) has announced its Fulbright scholars for 1986. VCU's Dr. Margaret PeischI, assistant professor of foreign languages, and Jose Manuel Sanchez Ruiz, laboratory assistant in the Department of Biochemistry, are among the nearly 900 Americans that have been awarded Fulbright scholar- ships for university lecturing and postdoctoral research in almost 100 countries. PeischI will lecture in Germany on German civilization and culture, and Sanchez Ruiz will travel to Spain to study and lecture on physical chemistry. The purpose of the Fulbrighi program, now in its 40th year, is to enable the U.S. to increase mutual understanding between the people of the U.S. and the people of other countries. Ful- bright scholar awards are funded and administered by the United States Information Agency CIES, which is affiliated with the American Council on Education, is responsible for the direct administration of the pro- gram. Fulbright scholars are selected by the Board of Foreign Scholarships, whose members are appointed by the president of the United States. Firial fall enrollment stats The university's total enrollment this year is at 19,977, seven stu- dents fewer than in fall 1984, according to VCU's Resource Planning Office's Final Fall 1985 Enrollment Report. Increases in enrollment oc- curred at the lower-division undergraduate and master's levels, according to the report. There are 218 more undergradu- ate students in lower-division programs and 159 more gradu- ate students in master's degree programs compared to last fall. Enrollments declined among special graduates, special undergraduates, doctoral stu- dents, and first-professional students. A shift from part-time to full- time enrollment between fall 1984 and fall 1985 mirrored these changes. The number of full-time students rose by 1.8 percent, occurring primarily at the lower- division undergraduate and master's levels; part-time student enrollment fell by 2.6 percent, with declines primarily at the special graduate and special undergraduate levels. Seven of the university's 12 schools experienced increased enrollments. The College of Humanities and Sciences had the largest gain in headcount, with 346 more students in fall 1985, while the School of Social Work experienced the greatest growth, with 12.6 percent more social work students over last year's school enrollment. The School of Business experienced the largest decline in enrollment, with 271 fewer students this fall than last fall. Included in the report were statistics on the makeup of the student body. Day students comprise over two-thirds of students at VCU; evening stu- dents account for 26 percent of the total enrollment, and off- campus students 4 percent. Minority students comprise 18 percent of VCU's students. Most VCU students (62 percent) come from the Richmond area, and more women (58 percent) than men attend VCU. Fifty-five per- cent of the students are under age 25; 30 percent are between the ages of 25 and 34, and VCU enrolls 812 students age 45 and older Most VCU students are single (72 percent). Doctor of nursing The School of Nursing has been awarded approval by the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) to offer the Ph.D. in nursing. The program will have two concentrations; nursing adminis- tration and clinical science. The clinical science option is offered jointly by the School of Nursing and the Department of Microbi- ology and Immunology in the School of Basic Health sciences. The Ph.D. in nursing is designed to meet the needs of nurses who are employed full time and who cannot leave their employment situations to pursue full-time doctoral study. |n addition to traditional weekday classes, classes will be offered during evenings, weekends, or short- term institutes. Pro-lottery, anti-busing Last fall, the Virginia Poll, a unit of VCU's Survey Research Lab- oratory, conducted a telephone survey of 635 adults from various regions of Virginia to find out their views on a state-run lottery. In another fall survey, the Survey Research Laboratory polled 652 Richmonders to find out their opinions on cross-town busing in Richmond to achieve integrated public schools. The lottery survey showed that a substantial majority of persons from all income and education categories support a lottery. Four out of five (79 percent) adults between 18 and 29 years of age and 56 percent of Virginians 66 years and older favor the crea- tion of a lottery. The greatest amount of support from a politi- cal group came from indepen- dents (74 percent), followed by democrats (71 percent] and republicans (62 percent). Those who described themselves as 24 'Very religious" fell below the 50th percentile: 47 percent were in favor of a lottery, and 46 percent were opposed. The busing survey showed that, while the majority of block and white Richmonders prefer inte- grated schools, they would rather not use cross-town busing to achieve thenn. The sampling of 652 Richmonders were chosen at random and interviewed by telephone over a five-day period, The survey showed that 70 percent of those blacks inter- viewed and 69 percent of the whites want integrated schools, but 53 percent of the blacks and 78 percent of the whites were against cross-town busing. Over- all, 63 percent of those inter- viewed did not favor cross-town busing for the purpose of racially integrated Richmond public schools. Meeting the needs of AIDS victims MCV Hospitals has been "over- loaded" in the last year with patients who have acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), according to Dr Lisa Kaplowitz, assistant professor of infectious diseases on the MCV Campus. Kaplowitz made this point in her address in Decem- ber to the board of the Central Virginia Health Systems. Kaplowitz voiced her reserva- tions to a board recommenda- tion that MCVH be designated as the only AIDS treatment center in Central Virginia. The small number of physicians, nurses, social workers, and other health care professionals at MCVH who coordinate care for people with AIDS are exhausted and need help, she said. She spoke to the board on the need for Rich- mond's hospitals and nursing homes to pull together and plan how they will treat AIDS patients, whose numbers have been doubling in the area every 12 months. Kaplowitz cited the experience of New York City and San Fran- cisco to support her plea for cooperation, noting that all the hospitals in these cities have had to handle AIDS cases. According to the Centers for Disease Con- trol, New York has reported 1 ,923 AIDS cases so far Current statis- tics on Son Francisco are un- available, but 1 ,679 cases have been reported there since 1981. This year, the number of reported cases in Virginia approached 100. Kaplowitz further responded to reports of AIDS patients in the area being turned away from some hospitals and home health care agencies and directed to find help elsewhere. One patient, she said, who needed a nursing home could not find one in Central Virginia. Part of the board's argument for designat- ing MCVH as the only AIDS treatment facility is its reputation for research. But Kaplowitz pointed out that no one has yet found a cure for AIDS, and MCVH is in no better a position to treat AIDS victims than any other facility in Richmond. Also, she argued, Richmond hospitals regularly take on hepatitis B cases without a second thought, even though the virus is highly contagious, in contrast to AIDS, which can only be contracted through sexual intercourse or blood transfusions. Honoring service VCU awarded Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr. an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. Originally scheduled for spring 1985 commencement, the presentation was postponed until October because of Powell's illness earlier last year VCU President Edmund F Ackell, with W. Roy Smith, rector of the Board of Visitors, and Dr Charles P. Ruch, interim provost and vice-president for aca- demic affairs, made the presen- tation in Powell's chambers in Washington, D.C. Ackell also led another pre- sentation this fall for Governor Charles S. Robb. In recognition of his four years of ser^/ice to Vir- ginia, VCU presented Governor Robb an original Kent Ipsen sculpture. With Ackell were W. Roy Smith and Ralph M. Ware, special assistant to the president for legislative relations. Composing music by computer A digitally synthesized music studio funded by the Richard and Caroline T Gwothmey Me- morial Trust has enabled VCU's Department of Music to be the first educational program in Virginia to offer this state-of-the- art equipment. The studio contains o digital Emulator synthesizer and support equipment, including a disc library that holds the simulated sounds of orchestra instruments and the capability to sample any sound, record it, and put it on any scale. The user can cre- ate sound through an attached microcomputer According to Dr Timothy Kloth, instructor in music, students will use the equipment to make recordings, and he will be re- searching the computer's ability to control the overtones and change the timbre of various instruments. "We'll essentially have a full recording studio," he says. "It is possible to write a computer program that will create a composition and per- form it in real time." Kloth says about 10 students currently use the synthesizer as their major performing medium, and about 50 music and music education students, of the 325 currently enrolled VCU music students, study computers and music each semester Teen suicide The leading cause of death of people between the ages of 15 and 24 is suicide, according to Dr. Richard Brookman, director of adolescent health services on the MCV Campus and a local expert on suicide, as well as a recent report by the National Institute of Mental Health on the incidence of suicide among teenagers. Brookman was just reappointed to a three-year term on the Richmond Youth Services Commission. Although statistics show a higher suicide rate for white males than for blacks and fe- males, the problem cuts across all social groups, according to Brookman. Chilling are the statis- tics reporting some 6,000 adoles- cents from across the country who have committed suicide since 1983, or, as Brookman puts it, an average of 16 per day. In Virginia last year, nine children between the ages of 10 and 14 committed suicide, as did 48 children between 15 and 19. The most alarming statistic, however, is the number of suicide attempts in this age group. An estimated 400,000 people be- tween the ages of 15 and 24 attempted suicide during the same period, according to the report by the National Institute of Mental Health. Brookman and other experts believe most youths who try suicide don't really want to die; they just want to rid themselves of feelings of hopelessness, pain, and despair Fund raising for health administration VCU plans to enhance its health administration program by initiat- ing a $1.5 million fund raising drive known as "New Ventures for Excellence in Health Administra- tion Education." David G. Wil- liamson, vice-chairman of the board of the Hospital Corpora- tion of America and a 1957 alumnus of VCU's health adminis- tration program, is chairman of the drive. Funds raised through this effort will be used to provide educa- tion, research, and service pro- grams for students as well as practicing health care profes- sionals. These programs will be joint ventures between public and private health care organi- zations to develop innovative programs and create a link be- tween the university and adminis- tration health care practitioners. Of the $1.5 million to be raised, $250,000 has been earmarked for the renovation of the old Shel- tering Arms Hospital, the Grant House, listed on the national reg- ister of historic landmarks, at 1008 East Clay Street. The remaining $1.25 million will be used to es- tablish and operate the "New Ventures" program. The Department of Health Ad- ministration recently received a seven-year accreditation, the maximum a program can re- ceive. Only seven programs in the United States have received the maximum accreditation. VCU men's basketball in review A miracle worker A super sales- man. A coaching wizard. A motivator of players. VCU men's basketball coach Mike Pollio has been described as all of the above. All this, despite a coach who saw his team post a 12-16 record, the first losing record in 25 the school's history. Pollio inheri- ted a VCU team that lost four starters and five of the top six players from last year's 26-6 team that advanced to the second round of the NCAA Tournament. Despite Pollio's overwhelming enthusiasm, most of the VCU faithful expected little during the 1985-86 season. The team was picked toward the bottom of the preseason Sun Belt Conference standings, the team returned just one player that averaged more than a bucket a game, and Coach J. D. Barnett had bolted Richmond for the University of Tulsa. In addition, the 1985-86 VCU schedule was rated the fourth toughest in the notion for much of the season, according to USA Today. The deck was obviously stacked against the 42-year-old native of Louisville, Kentucky. But Pollio rallied the team's spirits and instilled a new enthusi- asm. Even with the injection of team spirit, however, the team stumbled from the starting gate, losing nine of the first 11 games. The team lost heartbreaker after heartbreaker, including a total of six games by huo points or less in the early going. Particularly disappointing was a grueling three-game road trip that took the team to Mobile, Birmingham, and Dayton. The struggling Rams took South Ala- bama to the wire before losing 63-62 in overtime. Two nights later, the youthful Rams lost to UAB 72-70 in yet another over- time period. After flying to Day- ton, the Rams lost a hard fought 74-64 decision to the Flyers. On returning to Richmond with a 2-9 mark, the team was greeted at Byrd Airport by some 100 fans. An emotional Pollio recalls the greeting by the "airport people" as the turning point of the season. From that point, the Rams be- came a different team. Easy vic- tories over UNC-Chariotte and James Madison gave way to close losses at Old Dominion and at Western Kentucky. But the team gained confidence in itself and pieced together a four- game winning streak. An emo- tion-charged 73-67 win over na- tional powertiouse Marquette in Richmond followed by an upset win over nationally ranked UAB put the Rams back in the thick of the Sun Belt Conference race. During the late season streak, VCU won eight of 11 games to move back toward respectabil- ity. The hard-charging team fin- ished the season with an upset win over nationally ranked West- ern Kentucky prior to the Sun Belt Tournament. The emergence of sophomore forward Phil Stinnie and steady performances by guard Bruce Allen paved the way as flashy Nicky Jones remained the team's playmaker and leading scorer Consistent Michael Brown added an outside shooting touch while center Alvin Robinson showed remar1<able improvement offen- sively and avoided the foul trou- ble that had bothered him eariy in the season. Jones was voted to the first team all-League team while senior Brown was voted to the second team by the league's coaches. Stinnie garnered honorable mention all-Sun Belt accolades, and Pollio drew strong consideration for Coach-of-the-Year honors. With the addition of North Car- olina State transfer John Thomp- son at power forward and junior college transfer Alvin Hicks at guard, Pollio is anxiously await- ing the start of next season. "We have just 240 days until we tip it off again. We are busy recajiting and wor1<ing to improve as much as we can for next season. Our fans deserve the very best, and I am going to do everything I can to make sure they get it." — Mike Balluieg Sports Informatiun Director R R C H X H N Experimental economics research The International Business Ma- chines Corporation (IBM) loaned $123,600 worth of personal com- puters and related equipment to Dr. Robert J. Reilly and Dr Mi- chael D. Pratt, associate profes- sors in the School of Business, to establish a Laboratory for Experi- mental Research in Economics and Business in the school. The new research facility, installed in April, is the first experimental laboratory in the United States using an IBM personal computer networ1<. According to Reilly, director, and Pratt, associate director of the facility, experimental re- search in economics and busi- ness has come into prominence over the last two decades as a means of testing the assumptions and evaluating the predictions of theoretical models. The basic investigative strategy employed in experimental research is to pose in the controlled laboratory environment a simple special case of a more complex general model. In that context, the be- havior of real people in pursuit of real monetary rewards can be examined and compared to what would be predicted by the theoretical model under consideration. The IBM network system per- mits complex processing of data at very fast speeds, receiving and transmitting information from I and to any specified combina- 1 tion of the experimental partici- pants. Dr Dennis OToole, associ- ate dean for external affairs in the School of Business, says that the technical support provided I by IBM through the new experi- mental lab will greatly expand research opportunities. CIT innovations The Biotechnology Institute of Virginia's Center for Innovative Technology last fall established a synthetic peptide laboratory, headquartered at VCU, The total project costs 5201,774 and in- cludes state-of-the-art equip- ment to be housed temporarily in McGuire Hall while renovations are completed for CIT laborato- ries on the MCV Campus. The equipment will allow the Biotechnology Institute to provide CIT-affiliated universities and industries with synthetic peptides in research projects evaluating cellular functions at the molecu- lar level. This evaluation, for example, could assist research- ers in the development of vac- cines against specific viruses, such as hepatitis B; potential diagnostic tests for specific diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis; and production of semi- ' synthetic enzymes for production i of amino acids and other nutrients. Dr Marino Martinez-Carrion, chairman of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, is director of the Biotechnology Institute. Dr Rich- ard J. Freer, professor of pharma- cology and toxicology, is the new director of the synthetic peptide laboratory. Dental research grants The School of Dentistry has re- ceived two grants, one to study the determinants of plaque composition and the other to study itself. The first, a five-year S1.8 million grant from the National Institute of Dental Research, will enable Dr Richard Ranney, professor of periodontics and assistant dean for research in the School of Dentistry, to study genetic influ- ences on the composition of plaque, a thin film of microorga- nisms on the tooth's surface that can cause periodontal disease. Ranney is using classic twin models to determine the relative contribution of heredity and environment on the composition of plaque. The influence of pu- berty on plaque composition also Is part of his study The Pew National Dental Education Program provided 392,500 to the school to assess Its role In patient care, research, and service, and in preparing practitioners for the delivery of oral health care throughout Virginia. The intent of the Pew Grant Is to assist dental schools in planning and Instituting strate- gies that will respond to the shrinking demand for dental education, while preserving their research, education, service, and patient care functions. Following careful evaluation of 26 its roles, the school will apply for the second phase of the pro- gram, which will involve imple- menting these changes. Funds will be awarded to as many as seven dental schools, each receiving up to Si million; in all, the Pew program will award $8.75 million over the next five years. Monitoring the use of animals in research The Animal Research Commit- tee, created last year, meets twice a month to review and approve the humane treatment of all animals used in research and teaching at the university. Dr Donald L. Brummer, associate professor of medicine, and Dr. Wade K. Smith, chief of the he- matology/oncology section of the McGuire VA Medical Center, are cochairmen of the committee. According to Or Steven L, Qudttropani, associate professor of anatomy and chairman of the university's Animal Care Commit- tee, the Research Committee was formed to help maintain and, if necessary, to improve current conditions, as well as to insure appropriate reporting of humane treatment. It is the Ani- mal Care Committee's job to continue efforts to assure the best possible animal care and treatment. VCU's research community, says Qudttropani, recognizes the Importance of animal research for the improvement of animal, as well as human, well-being and the necessity to guard against both inhumane treat- ment and any perception that such treatment might occur The membership of the Research Committee includes faculty members in a variety of disci- plines, a veterinarian, and one ! person who is not currently affili- ated with the university. Research for space Several research groups in VCU's Department of Chemistry are involved in a continuing collabo- rative effort with the National Aeronautics and Space Adminis- tration (NASA)-Langley Research Center in Hampton. NASA- Langley is funding basic re- search in areas of polymer chemistry with a potential for aeronautic and aerospace applications. Dr Robert Bass, professor of chemistry, and his research group are involved in an effort to prepare high performance/high temperature polymers for func- tional and structural applica- tions. Dr Donald Shillady, associ- ate professor, and Dr Lidia Vallarino, professor of chemistry, are wor1<ing on a joint project to synthesize and characterize magnetic polymers. Wori< also has begun on polyimide addi- tives that inhibit radiation dam- age in a space environment. Dr Raphael Ottenbrite, profes- sor of chemistry, is developing methods to initiate polymeriza- tion by laser irradiation, a proce- dure that would permit the for- mation of certain types of polymers in a space environment without the use of heat-induced radical polymerization procedures. Preventing burn shock Dr Joseph Boykin, assistant pro- fessor of plastic surgery, has discovered that a drug com- monly prescribed for stress ulcers can also prevent severely burned patients from going into burn shock. Boykin, who has studied burn shock since the late 1970s, be- lieves the intraveneous adminis- tration of cimetidine (brand name Tagamet) greatly reduces a patient's chances of going into burn shock. Burn shock results from fluid loss and blood vessel restriction, which reduces the amount of blood flowing to the heart. A bad burn triggers the release of histamine, a sub- stance responsible for dilating the capillaries and thus leading to fluid loss. Conventional treatment of fluid replacement has been used successfully, but it can cause fluid overload with undesirable and sometimes fatal complica- tions. In animal studies, research- ers found that guinea pigs given cimetidine needed 70 percent less fluid replacement to main- tain proper heart function. Boykin is now exploring the use of the drug to treat humans. Nobel Prize winning lecture The recipient of the 1974 Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology explained the concept behind his award-winning discovery at VCU's third annual Innovators of Biochemistn/ series this fall. Dr Christian de Duve, Andrew W. Mellon Professor at The Rocke- feller University and professor of biochemistry at the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium, was awarded a Wellcome Visit- ing Professorship at VCU and delivered the Wellcome Lecture, sponsored by the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics. The Nobel Laureate's discov- en/ in 1949 of tiny bodies called lysosomes formed the basis of studies in which it is apparent that lysosomes play crucial roles in cellular activit/. They may not only be a hidden cause of many diseases, said de Duve, but also may help to fight other diseases. In addition to continued study of the parts lysosomes play within cells, scientists are beginning to explore ways of using lysosomes in treatment. About 20 years ago, de Duve suggested the idea that they may digest drugs' carrier molecules, thus freeing the drugs to fight disease. Such drug delivery systems, de Duve said, may lead to treatment and prevention of disease based on a real understanding of the cellular processes rather than on trial and error His own current research activities include as- pects of atherosclerosis, cancer, immunity, genetic disease, and chemotherapy. On buying a new car If you're in the market for a new car, you may have spent time wondering whether to buy the current model at an attractive price or go for a brand new model that is more expensive. According to Dr George Hoffer, chairman of VCU's eco- nomics department, that deci- sion should be based on how long you plan to keep and drive the automobile. In studying the cost implications of buying a current model car versus a prod- uct of the new year, Hoffer and Dr Michael Pratt, associate professor of economics, com- pared the 1984 and 1985 whole- sale values in the National Auto- mobile Dealers Association "Blue Book" guide. And, they say, if you intend to sell the car within four years, you're better off buy- ing the newer model. They explain that interest rate subsidies or manufacturer dis- counts to dealers are not enough to make up for the extra year's depreciation you'll take on the older model. For example, last fall a 1985 model two-door Buick Regal Limited was valued by the Blue Book at $1,200 more than the 1984 model, even though the two cars are virtually identical. On the other hand, if you plan to keep your car for more than four years, Hoffer says the leftover model may be a better deal, if there has not been a significant change between model years. Hoffer's and Pratt's studies show that the more the body of a particular model changes, the faster the value of the older model will depreciate. Cars that are going to be discontinued will depreciate even more quickly. So, the length of time you plan to keep a car may be the most important investment decision. Here's another tip from Hoffer if you're interested in larger cars: Many of the 1985 and 1986 full size models won't be offered in the future, he says; "our studies have shown that no matter how attractive the large cars appear now, once the new smaller models come out, the tanks' lose their aura and their market value." Genetics recognition A postdoctoral fellow in human genetics at VCU is one of only three people in the United States and Canada to receive a stu- dent research award from the American Society of Human Genetics. Dr Colleen Jackson-Cook, whose doctoral thesis formed the basis for the wort< on which she was recognized, laid the groundwor1< for a possible screening test that could identify people who are at high risk of bearing children with a particu- lar type of Down syndrome. In her initial research Jackson- Cook studied the genetic makeup of parents of children who are born with an extra chro- mosome. What she found was that most of these parents had unusual chromosome patterns, although they themselves were normal. In nine out of ten couples she examined, however, one or both parents had this pattern. Jackson-Cook is continuing her research by examining the per- centage of sperm that contain the extra chromosome that leads to Down syndrome. 27 N W M K R Esrafil Abedi, associate pro- fessor of otolaryngology, was recently accepted into the American College of Surgeons. David A. Ameen, associate professor of information systems, tias had his article, "A Computer Assisted Decision Support Simu- lation," published in the Associa- tion for Data Systems' Monitor. Thomas Barker, dean of the School of Allied Health Profes- sions, has been appointed to the American Medical Association's Committee on Allied Health Education Accreditation. Pamela Boll, clinical instructor in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, presented a paper at the annual meeting of the American Pain Society held in Dallas. Her paper was entitled "The Role of the Family Therapist in a Multidisciplinary Pain Center." Kevin R. Cooper, pulmonary physician and associate profes- sor of medicine, has been named the 1985 Communicator of the Year by the Richmond chapter of the International Association of Business Commu- nicators. He was cited by the local chapter for motivating others to take greater interest in personal and environmental health. He also was cited for his wor1< as chairman of the state's Interagency Task Force on Smok- ing or Health, president of the Richmond region of the Ameri- can Lung Association, and on behalf of the Federal Clean Air Act. Rutledge M. Dennis, associ- ate professor of sociology and anthropology, has been selected by the Council of the American Sociological Association to serve a three-year term on the Com- mittee on Freedom of Research and Teaching. Clarence L. Dunn, professor of accounting, served as general chairman of the VCU- Virginia Society of Certified Public Ac- countants' seventh annual tax conference for accountants in general practice. Dunn, a Vir- ginia CPA, has been general chairman of this conference since its inception in 1979. John A. FantI, associate professor of obstetrics and gyne- cology, has been invited by the National Board of Medical Ex- aminers to serve as a member of the NBME's Obstetrics-Gynecol- ogy Test Committee. Susan F. Feiner, assistant professor of economics, has had her article, "Discrimination: The Case of Economics Textbooks," published in Challenge. Andrew Ferry, professor of ophthalmology, and Robert S. Weinberg, associate professor, were honored by the American Academy of Ophthalmology during the academy's recent annual meeting in San Francisco. Ferry received the senior honor award and Weinberg the honor award, both recognizing their efforts to teach eye-care diag- nosis and treatment to others in the field. Gloria Francis, professor of psychiatric nursing in the Depart- ment of Community and Psychi- atric Mental Health Nursing, has had her article, "Domestic Ani- mal Visitation as Therapy with Adult Home Residents," pub- lished in the InternationalJournal of Nursing Studies. Robert G. Green and Mi- chael F. Kolevzon, associate professors of social work, have published "The Correlations of Health Family Functioning: The Role of Concensus and Conflict in the Practice of Family Ther- apy" in the Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. Jack M. Jarrett, professor of music, has been named winner of the Virginia Museum Fanfare competition. He received a S2,000 prize for his composition entitled "Fanfare with Chimes." Puru Jena, professor of phys- ics, was invited to give a collo- quium for the physics depart- ment of Vonderbilt University. He spoke on the research of the physics of small atom clusters, which is being conducted jointly by Jena and physics faculty members B. K. Rao and S. N. Khonna. Gary Johnson, assistant dean and director of the Center for Public Affairs, has been ap- pointed staff director of the gov- ernor's special commission on highway planning and finance. Johnson will serve as director until August. Wallace R. Johnston, associ- ate professor of business admin- istration and management, has been appointed to a three-year term on the board of directors of the Special Olympics of Virginia. William P. Jordan, professor of dermatology and professor of medicine in clinical toxicology and environmental medicine, has been elected to the board of directors of the American Academy of Dermatology. Surinder Kallar, associate professor of anesthesiology and director of ambulatory anesthesi- ology, represented the faculty during the Continuing Medical Education International Study Tour to Italy this fall. The purpose of the study tour was to ex- change methods of medical practice with physicians in vari- ous universities and hospitals throughout the country. David Latane, assistant pro- fessor of English, read his paper, "Dioramas and Disasters in England in the 1830s," at a recent meeting in Charleston of the Popular Culture Association in the South. I Walter Lawrence, Jr., director of the Massey Cancer Center, has been elected to the board of directors of the American Cancer Society. Philip Meggs, chairman of the Department of Communica- tion Arts and Design, and Rob Carter and Ben Day, associate professors in the department, published their book Typo- graphic Design: Form and Com- munication (Van Nostrand, Reinhold, 1985]. The book re- ceived outstanding reviews by the Library Journal, American Institute of Graphic Arts Journal, and Print Magazine. Otto Payton, chairman of the Department of Physical Therapy, and Jules M. Rothstein, assist- ant professor of physical therapy, have edited new books on the clinical aspects of physical therapy. The books are part of a multi-volume series, published by Churchill Livingstone of New York, entitled Clinics in Physical Ther- apy. Payton edited the volume, "Psychosocial Aspects in Clinical Practice," and Rothstein the volume, "Measurement in Physi- cal Therapy." Joseph H. Porter, professor of psychology, and Robert J. Hamm, associate professor, have published their book Statis- tics: Applications for the Behav- ioral Sciences (Brooks/Cole Publishers, 1986). Barbara E. Sattenwhite, unit coordinator of the Joint Cancer Clinic and staff member of the Massey Cancer Center, has been awarded the Professional Education Award by the Virginia Division of the American Cancer Society. Jack D. Spiro, director of VCU's Judaic Studies Program, has been elected to the board of trustees of the United Way of Greater Richmond. Mabel G. Wells, associate professor of social work, has been appointed to the Rich- mond Youth Services Commission. John H. Whaley, Jr., associate professor and associate director for collection management. University Library Services, co- authored an article, "Rearrang- ing the Subject Catalog at Trinity University," which appeared in College and Research Library News. Barry Wolf, professor of human genetics, was presented the Ounce of Prevention award from Action for Prevention, a Virginia organization of more than 200 scientists and advocates of developmental disabilities pre- vention. Wolf was given the award for his pioneering work in identifying biotinidase defi- ciency, a newborn metabolic disorder. You have the right to make the decisions that will secure your family's financial and emotional well-being when you ore no longer able to do so. Why do so few people exercise this right? Some may think it is not necessary, that they don't own enough to worry about. Others may feel it's too expensive to have a lawyer draft a will, not realizing how much will be saved in direct reductions, estate taxes, and settlement expenses. Most adults who fall to make a will are simply putting it off. We suggest you take the steps necessary to prepare a will. And we would like to help. We have a booklet on wills that includes basic information and ideas. The booklet is free for the asking. Please call or write Cheryl G. Yeoman VCU Fund 828 West Franklin Street Richmond. VA 23284-0001 (804) 257-1223 David E. Bogby, Jr. MCV Foundation Box 234 Richmond, VA 23298-0001 (804) 786-9734 28 u M N U D T I want to ttiank ttiose of you wtio tielped make WinterFest, VCU's first university-wide tiomecoming, a great weekend. Tine WinterFest Committee wor1<ed tiard to offer a weekend ttiat would appeal to the diverse appetites of many alumni, fac- ulty, and students. Ttie WinterFest Ball tiighiligtited Friday nigtit, with the Kings of Swing and Robbin Thompson (who also happens to be a VCU alumnus) rocking the walls of the recently renovated Gary Street Recreational Complex until the wee hours of the morning. It was great seeing students, alumni, and faculty enjoying the semi- formal dance. Despite several Inches of snow that fell only hours before the ball, the event was an overwhelming success. Saturday morning was high- lighted with a Sports Brunch featuring Miller Lite celebritY Boog Powell. After brunch, Boog spoke at length on his former career as first baseman for the Baltimore Orioles as well as his current television career promot- ing Miller Lite beer. John J. Schwartz, a 1969 School of Busi- ness alumnus, was Master of Ceremonies, and the Reverend Roger Nicholson, a 1968 alumnus of the College of Humanities and Sciences, gave the benediction. The Schools of Community and Public Affairs, Business, and Pharmacy, as well as the Col- lege of Humanities and Sci- ences, hosted special WinterFest receptions early Saturday eve- ning for alumni and faculty. The crowds at each reception were proof that a homecoming was long overdue. Andy's restaurant, a popular former RPIA/CU hangout, was reopened just for the weekend. Owner Briggs Elliott offered alumni and guests a day to reminisce with one another about the "good old days." From the time the doors opened until the time they closed, Andy's was packed. Saturday night's activities centered around the Rams basketball game against the University of South Florida before VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY ALUMNI COUNCIL Pi«iidenl— J Dole BImi Bauc Sciences O AITrod J Siumiki Bunneis Diviuon Ccuglm S Gieei Presiderii PoOert A Mom.Hon . DeoiBieC EttccJ School Ol l^eAJ1s (vOCOf^tl Oentol Division Nun>ng Diveion AliieQ Health Choirmon Oiaifman Division Choimxjn Dr Micho«l O McMunn Mary O LinOomooid Mory Bam Poppos Community ond Public AKair^ Oivniion PrewJeni James D f-ai a crowd of 7,000 people. Even though the Rams lost in overtime, the celebration following the game in the Crystal Palace of the 6th Street Mart<etplace was exciting. Opened Just for Winter- Fest activities, the Crystal Palace was full the entire evening with students, faculty, alumni, and guests enjoying the sounds of jazz provided by VCU's Depart- ment of Music. Next year's homecoming events are already being dis- cussed. As soon as a February date is set, information will be forthcoming. Meanwhile, start making your plans to attend next year's WinterFest homecoming. Stephen C. Harvey Director, VCU Alumni Activities 1930 Herman M. Richardson (M D ] retired in September after 54 years as o general practitioner in Midlothian. A Chesterfield County Board of Supervisors' resolution commended him for his service. 1939 Beverley B. Clary (t^^.D.), surgeon- in-chief at Richmond's Ctiildren's Hospital from 1970 to 1984, was honored recently for the educational support he provided for the orthope- dic residency program at the hospital and for the time he gave without compensation. 1943 Shirley Martin Howard (M.D J has retired after 37 years of practicing obstetrics and gynecology in North- ern Virginia. Lowell E. Wllloughby (D.D.S ) of San Antonio, Texas, tias retired after 40 years of general practice. 1946 Randolph M. Jackson (M.D ; B.S. pharmacy, 1943), medical director of ttie Surgi-Center in Winchester, has been re-elected secretary of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. 1948 Michael J. Moore (M.D.), internist in Roanoke, was selected at the Eighth Annual Patient Education Conference in Kansas City, Missouri, for the Award of Excellence in Patient Education. In previous years, the primary care award has been pre- sented by Patient Care magazine to family practitioners. 1950 Barbara E. Teasdale [B.S physical therapy) represented VCU last fall at the inauguration of John I Casteen III as the 11th president of the University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut. 1952 David W. Branch (M.D.) hos been elected chairman of the Virginia Section of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for a three-year term. Branch is affiliated with Roanoke Memorial Hospital and is clinical assistant professor of obstetrics-gynecology at the University of Virginia School of Medicine. 1954 Archibald C. Wagner (M D ) of W/orrenton has been named a fellow of the American College of Radiol- ogy for his outstanding wort< in the field of medical radiology. 1955 Edgar C. Hatcher (D.D.S), practic- ing general dentistry in Bristol, Tennes- see, is the recipient of the Gies Edito- rial Award for excellence In dental journalism. He was cited for his edito- rial "On Unity," which appeared in the April 1984 edition of the Journal of the Tennessee Dental Association. Margaret P. Liebchen (B.F A.) has completed the U.S. Department of Defense public affairs officer course of Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indiana. DO you liave news about yourself for the yCU Magazine ? Mail your updates to VCU Magazine, Alumni Update, 826 West Franklin Street. Rictimond, VA 23284- 0001. Sometimes we do not get your information in ttie issue you might expect, but we make every effort to print your updates as soon as possible. Be patient, and look for your update in the next issue. Write to us Liebchen now serves with the public affairs office at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. 1956 John W. Hasty (B.S. pharmacy) of Hayes, Virginia, has been elected president of the Virginia Pharmaceuti- cal Association. 1961 John D. Bower (M.D.) of Jackson, Mississippi, received a special recog- nition award from the American Society of Internal Medicine for his demonstrated determination and ability as a leader among Mississippi internists, dedicated to improving the quality and lowering the cost of health care in Mississippi, He is presi- dent of the Mississippi Society of Internal Medicine and president of the Notional Renal Physicians Association. A. Winston Marshall, Jr. (B.F.A. commercial art) represented VCU last fall at the inauguration of David Davenport as the sixth president of Pepperdine University, Mallbu, California. 1964 Stephen J. Lux (B.S. accounting) recently attended a meeting of the Small Business Consulting Practices Subcommittee of the American Institute of Certified Public Account- ants (AICPA) in New Yori< City. Lux is president of Consulting Associates of Virginia, Inc., in Richmond. He also is chairman of the Virginia Society of Certified Public Accountants Man- agement Advisor Services Commit- tee, chairman of the Presidents and Managers Club of Richmond, and on the board of directors of various corporations and organizations in the Southeast. John R. Metz (B.S. pharmacy) of Chariottesville has been elected second vice-president of the Virginia Pharmaceutical Association. 29 1966 Daniel A. Herbert (B S pharmacy) of Richmond has been elected first vice-president of the Virginia Pharma- ceutical Association. John F. Knapp (B.S. pharmacy) of Waynesboro has been elected secretory of the Virginia Pharmaceuti- cal Association. E. P. Newell, Jr. (B.S. business administration) has been promoted to senior vice-president of the Sun Banl< of Volusia County, Florida. 1968 Martin S. Flamm (M D ) has been appointed clinical professor of radiology at Louisiana State University and guest lecturer In law and medi- cine at Loyola Law School. James H. Hawks III (B S phar- macy) has opened a florist shop wlttiin his Ettrlcl< pharmacy Hawl<s also operates Hawl<s Pharmacy In Sutherland and Is co-manager with his wife, Joan, of King's Barbecue, Inc., In Petersburg. Troy N. Lindsay (mathematical sciences) has been named vice- president and operations officer of Jefferson National Bank's Eastern Region In Richmond. Barbara L. Robertson (B A French), a French teacher at St. Catherine's In Richmond for the post 14 years and chairman of the school's foreign languages department for the post two and a half years, has been named the first holder of the Helen Wier Griffith Chair In French Lan- guage and Literature. 1969 Daniel H. Gerrltz (MS business administration and management; B.S., 1966) has been appointed vice- president of facilities management at Life of Virginia in Richmond. 1970 William M. Moore (MS distributive education; B.S. advertising, 1958) represented VCU last fall at the inauguration of Dr William R. O'Con- nell, Jr as the eighth president of New England College, Henniker, New Hampshire. 1971 Harold W. Sell, Jr. (B S. business administration and management), major In the US Air Force, has been assigned to the Pentagon as Chief of Navigational Services, U,S.A.F. 1972 A. Marstiall Norttilngton (B S accounting) has been promoted to the position of partner of Wells, Coleman & Co.. Certified Public Accountants. 1973 BertI leWlnter (B.S.W.) has become a social worker for Parkwood Health Care Center In Chattanooga, Tennessee. 1974 Edward J. Bayne (M.D.), affiliated with University Hospital In Jacksonville, Florida, has been elected to a fellow- ship In the American College of Cardiology Janet H. Boetlctier (MS. nurse practitioner program) has completed the Ph.D. In academic nursing admin- istration at the University of Texas of Austin. 1975 Wayne B. Griffltti (M.H.A.) repre- sented VCU last fall at the Inaugura- tion of Dorothy I. MocConkey as the 11th president of Davis and Elklns College. West Virginia. Clara McCaleb Hoggard (M Ed. guidance and counseling) has been named Teacher of the Year In Rich- mond. She Is on art teacher at the Huguenot building of Richmond's Jefferson-Huguenot-Wythe High School. George L, Nance (D D.S) pre- sented a paper during the American College of Prosthodontlcs annual meeting. He also was awarded second place in the Sherry Prostho- dontic Research Competition. Nance Is assistant professor In the Depart- ment of Removable Prosthodontlcs on the MCV Campus. James P. Zook (M.S. urban and regional planning) has been ap- pointed the director of planning for Chesterfield County. 1976 Mary-Ellen Alexander Kendall (B.A. history) graduated In May 1985 with Juris Doctor and Master of Business Administration degrees from the University of Richmond, She is currently employed as a corporate attorney for Reynolds Metdls Com- pany in Richmond. Mary Winter (B.S. nursing) has completed a master's program In corporate fitness administration at the University for Humanistic Studies In San Diego. California. 1977 Michael D. Calsse (B S. radiologic technology) has been named presi- dent-elect of the Radiation Oncology District of the Virginia Society of Radiologic Technologists. He Is em- ployed at Johnston-Willis Hospital in the Radiation Oncology Center. Dorothy S. Crowder (MS nursing, B.S., 1974) of Petersburg has been named the 1985 Outstanding Nursing Alumnus by the Nursing Division of the MCV Alumni Association of VCU. She Is chairman of the nursing division of MCV Hospitals and associate profes- sor of maternal-child health nursing. Nancy C. Lovejoy (MS. nursing; B.S-, 1975) of Nevato, California, Is assistant professor at the University of California, San Francisco. She re- cently published her article, "Family Responses to Cancer Hospitaliza- tions," in Oncology Nursing Forum. Stuart M. Solan (M.D.) was re- cently elected president of the medical staff at St. Luke's Hospital In Richmond. 1978 Carroll S. Gallagher, Jr, (D D S ) has accepted a faculty appointment as assistant professor of oral and maxillofacial surgery at the Medical University of South Carolina In Charieston, Elmore G. Johnson (MBA) repre- sented VCU last fall at the inaugura- tion of Frank E, Horton as the 11th president of the University of Okla- homa, Norman, Oklahoma. By Jerry Lewis His friends and patients call him the Singing Dentist. Dr. Thomas E. Butt (D.D.S. 1961) has practiced dentistry in the smail Southvi/est Virginia town of Wytheville for several years, yet the townfoik seem to knovi/ him more for his singing than for his drilling. "When they come into the of- fice, it seems all they Vi/ant to talk about is my music," says Butt of his notoriety. And with good reason. Butt has loved music since he learned to play the tnjmpet in high school. But only during the past few years has his hobby developed Into more than just a spare-time activity. He now writes and per- forms his own songs. Although he has recorded sev- eral of his compositions and 1979 Barbara Ameer (Pharm.D.) of Gainesville. Florida, has been ap- pointed associate professor of phar- macy practice at the University of Florida. She Is a member of the editorial board of the textbook Pharmacy Practice for the Geriatric Patient, a geriatric curriculum for allied health professionals. Donald W. Lewis (M.D ). a fellow In pediatric neurology at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, was awarded Fellow. Teacher of the Year by the Children's Hospital housestaff. 1980 Kathleen Barnett (B.S. nursing), clinical nurse specialist for emer- gency services at Slnol Hospital of Baltimore, recently completed her M.S. In nursing at the University of Virginia. David C. Griffin (M.S. administra- tion of justice: B.S. administration of justice and public safety. 1974) has graduated from the U.S. Army Ser- geants Major Academy at Fort Bliss. Texas Griffin Is now serving In Norfolk. John D. Pinch (D.D.S.) has com- pleted a residency program In oral and maxillofacial surgen/ at ttie Medical University of South Carolina In Charieston. He plans to practice oral and maxillofacial surgery in Lynchburg. even formed his own label, Su- perStar Ltd.. it wasn't until over a year ago that he really began to get serious about it. That was when one of his recordings, "Honky Tonk Heart," hit the charts in Billboard magazine as the number one song in Hawaii. An- other of his songs, "Grist of My Mind," made it to number 19 in Hawaii that same week. His recent single, "All Alone" (recorded under the stage name of Dr Tom), was recently rated in the top ten by Billboard. " 'All Alone' is a real nice bal- lad," says Dr. Tom. obviously proud of his accomplishment but 30 1981 Estelle V. Bauer (health care management) of Fort Worth. Texas, has been elected president of Sigma Phi Omega, Alpha Epsilon Chapter, the national academic honor and professional society In gerontology, William L. Cundiff (B.S. pharmacy) of Vinton has been elected treasurer of the Virginia Pharmaceutical Association. Paul H. Dardis (B.S. rehabilitation services) has been appointed vice- president of a new subsidiary of the Cardinal Leasing Company In Richmond. Betsy Guedrl Fulks (B.S. phar- macy) and George Massie Fulks (B.S, pharmacy) recently opened their Medicine Shoppe In Richmond. Jaron M. Terry (B S, mass com- munications) has been appointed director of public affairs in the plan- ning end mart<eting division of St, Mar/'s Hospital In Richmond. Herman Williams III (B S adminis- tration of justice and public safety) has assumed command of the 552nd Milltar/ Police Company In South Korea. 1982 Peggy L. Bradley (BGS.) has been promoted in the U.S. Army to the rank of captain. Richard A. Joralmon (D.D S ) of Bethesda, Maryland, v^as the recipi- ent of a National Research Scholar- ship Award at the National Institute of Dental Research. He Is conducting studies In the microbiology/immunol- ogy division of the research center, 1983 Brian S. Moneymaker (B S mass communications) has arrived for duty with the Eighth U.S. Army, South Korea. Moneymaker, a broadcast journalist, was previously assigned to Fort Gordon, Georgia. 1984 Thomas R. Fuller (B.S. marketing) has completed basic training at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, Michael T Rowlings (B S mass communications) has been assigned to Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi, after completing Air Force basic training. Airman Rowlings will receive specialized Instruction In the air operations field. Brian E, Workman (B,S, business administration and management) Is a credit representative with Reynolds Metals Company in St Louis, Missouri. 1985 Robert S. Futrell (D D S ) has completed the U.S. Air Force military indoctrination for medical service officers at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas, He Is scheduled to serve with the Air Force Regional Hospital, MInot Air Force Base, North Dakota. r; Become an active alumnus n You inay think you have to have o lot of time or nnoney or live in the Richmond area to become an active alumnus — but you don't. The VCU Alumni Activities Of- fice is looking for alumni support through a host of ongoing pro- grams. If you would be inter- ested in one or more of the foi- lovi/ing programs, please complete this form and return it to us. We vi/ili send you the infor- mation you request. I want to be an active VCU alumnus! Please send me information about □ how I can become involved with the alumni board of directors of my college or school n the VCU International Studies Program n How I can help recruit students to VCU n Please update my alumni record Name Address . City . State . Home phone L Employer Major -Work phone 1 Title . Zip Code . . Year of graduation . Return to VCU Alumni Activities 828 West Franl<lln Street Box 2026 iRictimond, VA 23284-0001 i seemingly shy about discussing It. But his humility is fleeting. "I've had a real good response in Hawaii," he continues. "They have good taste in music!" Butt began writing songs nine years ago when he was 40 years old. The first song he recorded was "Fool, Fool, Fool," which he says was autobiographicai. Since then he has written more than 150 songs and is currently trying to cull a list of 23 of his fa- vorites down to 10 or 12 for an album. "It's a lot of work," he says of his time-consuming hobby, "It takes a lot of time to write and record a song, and then to work on dis- tributing it," Butt is currently looking for a larger iabel to take over some of the post-production work, such as promotion and distribution, "All Alone" was distributed to 600 radio stations with the help of dif- ferent individuals and com- panies, but he thinks a larger la- bel, such as CBS or Warner Bros,, could do it more effectively and also free up some of his time. Butt needs that extra time for some of his other ventures. For in- stance, he is currently in negotia- tion with a company in Missis- sippi to produce a special type of turkey caller he has invented. He also owns five farms where he raises bird dogs and Tennessee Walking horses. Another hobby he likes to pursue — travel — is fa- cilitated through a travel agency he owns in Biacksburg. Despite ail these "hobbies," Butt still manages to find time to devote to dentistry. Although he didn't graduate from MCV's School of Dentistry until 1961, by 1957 he had already discovered that fluoride could be used in mouthwash form. This was a revolutionary idea in dental circles, because at the time fluoridated drinking water was considered the only effec- tive means of providing fluoride. Even though Crest later devel- oped the first toothpaste with flu- oride. Butt is still considered one of the founding fathers of the fluoride revolution. Butt also invented a special root canal instrument but was beat to the marketplace before he could secure a patent on it. He does, however, hold the patent on a design for a new toothpick. He is working with two companies based in Korea to further develop and produce it, Dr, Tom is reluctant to reveal too much about this new pick but will say that it removes plaque, has a better grip, and comes in a variety of flavors and colors, Jerry Leum is a freekmce writer in Richmond. Photograph courtesy of Dr. Thorruis E. Butt. Class Rings If you did not buy a class ring as a student, you can now order one. Rings for men and women are available in a variety of sizes. For more information and a price list, write for a ring order kit. If you graduated before 1968, please indicate Medical College of Virginia, if applicable, when ordering a kit. Write for the kit — and for information about VCU watches — to VCU Alumni Activities 828 West Franklin Street Box 2026 Richmond, VA 23284-0001 31 VCU BOOKSTORE Decorative glassware, quality finish, beautiful style. Each em- bossed with the VCU seal : 10 oz. Tumbler #812/$2.50 1'/2 oz. Shot glass #2211/$1.95 6 in. Ashtray #800/$4.99 15 oz. Tankard #205/$5.49 Automatic self-opening um- brella. 50-inch spread. 100% nylon, black end gold, em- bossed with the VCU seal, #7158/$8.99 Stuffed animals. White ram orna- mented with a black and gold VCU ribbon and black felt cape. 8" high. #8/$8.99 Collegiate mug, handsomely trimmed in gold. 4" high, 3V4" dia.,15oz. #M155/$8.99 Deluxe feature college mug. Multicolor seal on a white back- ground. Classic lines, 5V2" high, 3V2" dia., 20 oz. #M204/$14.99 Barclay Sheaks (VCU alumnus '49) prints, unframed: Ginter House #AA4A Egyptian Building #AA4B Each measures 14V2" x 12". $25 Notched cylinder ashtray, 7" dia. #AT-20/$9.99 Classic wool pennant, 9 x 27. #154/$5.35 Polyester and mesh baseball cap with adjustable snap tab back, 2" VCU flocked lettering on front, #308/$4.99 Coffee mug. All time favorite with coffee drinkers. Generous 10 oz. size. 33/4" high, Z'U" dia. #DM20/ $4.99 Queen Anne bread and butter plate. An elegant rendering of Ginter House in Welton Arnetale*. 7" dia. #10Z-0442/$14.99 Tavern mug. Heavy custom crested pewter-look tankard. 43/4"high. 17 oz. #166-0812/ $19.99 VCU Mirrors Two of the Egyptian Building on the MCV Campus #AA3A One of Ginter House on the Academic Campus #AA3B One of the James Branch Cabell Library #AA3C These framed mirrors measure 14" X 26" with the pictures in the upper portion of the mirror mea- suring IIV2" X 6V2". $125 Rich looking embroidered placket shirt, rib knit cuff, and soft fashion collar. Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; black and lemon, #052X/$15.99 Desk items, etched cultured martDle with VCU seal; Paperweight 3V4" $15 Bookends 4V2" x 6V2", 7 lbs. $60 Desk Box 4" x 7V2" $60 Pen Set 4" x 9V2" $45 Memo Pad Holder 4" x 91/2" $35 VCU men's neckties. Attractive navy background with small gold VCU seals. #AA1/$15 Solid brass key ring engraved with the VCU seal. #5B-K/$3.49 Black enamel arm chairs, with VCU seal on the back of the chair and cherry-colored arms. #AA2/$165 Pullover hooded sweat-shirt with trim color accented hood lining, i sleeve stripes, and raglan piping. i Muff styled front pocket. 50% cotton, 50% polyester. Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; purple, #799/$19.99 Basic sweat. Comfort makes this 50% cotton, 50% polyester sweatshirt a year-round favorite. Classic raglan sleeves. Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; fuschia, navy, banana, lavendar, black, #3051F/$9.99 Children's sizes 6- 8, 10-12, 14-16; navy, #3051F/ $7.99 Tackle twill hooded sweatshirt. Letters are cut from colorful tackle twill and sewn on heavy- weight fleece of 50% cotton, 50% Careslan*. Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; black, #IVI550/$22.99; matching sweatpant, #P550/ $8.99 Heavyweight fleece hooded sweatshirt, raglan shoulders, rib knit cuffs and waistband. Muff pocket with reinforced stitching. Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; gold and black on white #798A/$14.99 VCU Campus Bookstore 900 Park Avenue Richmond, VA 23284-0001 Item # Quantity Description Size Price Total Send orders with desired form of payment. Returns requesting o ctiange of size or item due to customer error will require on additional S2 handling charge. Make ctieck payable to VCU Campus Bookstore, or use credit cord. Please charge to my n VISA or □ MasterCard Credit Card Number Exp. Date; Mo Yr If IVIasterCard, enter four digits above your name here: Virginia Soles Tax 4% Signature Stilp to Sliipping, tiandling, a. ,. and Insurance ' (ctiairs $10) Total $ Name Address CIt/ State Zip Code 32 ALUMNI T Dutch Waterways Adventure May 17-30 This two-week adventure was a sellout in 1983 and '84, You'll visit all of Holland — Amsterdam, Morken, Hoorn, Enkhuizen, Staveren, Urk, Kampen, Deven- ter, and Arnhem on your cruise ttirough the Dutch waterways. Then, you'll spend three nights in Paris and three nights in Switzer- land. All meals are included on the cruise, and breakfast is in- cluded in Paris and Switzerland. Starting at 82,599 per person. Rhine River Adventure Starting June 3 for one or two weeks You will explore castles where kings walked the Swiss Alps — the Black Forest and valleys and vineyards where Europe's great- est cuisine was born. This trip will take you through four of Europe's most interesting Rhine River countries. You'll see Baden- Baden and Frankfurt, Germany; Lucerne and Engleberg, Switzer- land; Strasbourg, France; and, if you choose the optional second week of this trip, Amsterdam. Holland. From Richmond, prices start at approximately $1 ,099 per person for one week and S375 for the second week. New England/Cape Cod Yacht Cruise August 12-23 This ■12-day cruise aboard the world's newest deluxe cruise ship, the ultra-yacht Nantucket Clip- per, will take you to Boston, Jack- son, Woodstock, Plymouth, Mar- tha's Vineyard, Nantucket, New Bedford, and Newport. All 51 staterooms are spacious, with picture windows, private bath- rooms, and multi-channel music. Starting at $1 ,899 per person. VCU Alumni" Travel 1986 Please send me more information on the trip(s) checked below.* □ Dutch Waterways Adventure n Rhine River Adventure □ New England/Cape Cod Yacht Cruise □ Paris, the French Countryside, and Switzerland n The Orient □ Hawaii with the Rams Name Address . City . State - . Zip Code . ' Addiunndl mjurmMum is umivailabU any earlier thun si.v months pnar to the trip's departure date. Your rmme will be placed on a list tv receive the brochures when ai^ailable. Return to VCU Alumni Activities 828 West Franklin Street Box 2026 Rictimond, VA 23284-0001 aris, the French Countryside, and Switzerland starting September 4 for one or two weeks You can enjoy romantic Paris for the first week with first-class ac- commodations, and then add an extra week and tour the French countryside and Switzer- land. Full-time travel representa- tives will escort you throughout the trip, and a variety of optional tours will allow you the freedom to set your own schedule. Prices are $849 for the first week and $369 for the second week. The Orient September 19-October 2 See the best of the Orient on this exciting two- week Far East holi- day. You'll visit Tokyo and ride the 130-mile-per-hour Bullet Train in first-class reclining seats for Kyoto, Japan, Next you'll fly to Bangkok, Thailand, and Hong Kong. Starting at $2,999 per per- son. Hawaii with the Rams November 25-December 2 Join the Rams men's basketball team in Hawaii. You'll spend two nights in Waikiki and five nights in r^aui, as the Rams play in an eight-team basketball tourna- ment. Don't miss the fun and ex- citement of Hawaii during the Thanksgiving holiday. Whether you enjoy basketball or soaking up the sun, this is the Hawaiian trip for you. Price is approxi- mately SI ,000 per person, de- pending on the number and room. L. VCU Magazine VCU Publications 826 West Franklin Street Box 2036 Richmond, VA 23284-0001 Address Correction Requested Nonprofit Organization U.S. Postage PAID Permit No. 869 Richmond, Virginia v^^SS"**. 6 ■I W * \1> B}i talking to VCU students about their career goals, VCU alumni provide an invaluable service to the university. For more on Career Planning & Placement's RamSCAN program, see p. 4.